Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 1-4

Contents

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pp. v-5

Illustrations

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pp. vi-6

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

This project began as a doctoral dissertation at the College of William and Mary. Over the years, it has received vital support from a number of institutions, including the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History; the John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library of Colonial Williamsburg; ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-8

Sometime before nine o’clock on the morning of 5 December 1793, a couple identifying themselves as Augustus Frederick and Augusta Murray were married at St. George’s Church in Hanover Square, London. The bride had arrived in a hackney coach, the equivalent of a modern taxi, wearing a “common linen gown” beneath a winter cloak. ...

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One • Family Politics, 1745– 1770

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pp. 9-24

Lady Augusta Murray was not the first close relation to jeopardize Dunmore’s place in the empire. Nearly half a century earlier, his father, William Murray of Taymount, had risked the family’s future on the success of an ill-fated revolution. In the summer of 1745, Charles Edward Stuart, better known as “Bonnie Prince Charlie,” ...

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Two • The Absence of Empire, 1770– 1773

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pp. 25-55

Two ships brought Lord Dunmore’s baggage across the Atlantic Ocean in 1770. One wrecked on its approach to Manhattan—an ill omen. That the other arrived safely was fortunate, for in addition to the new governor’s furniture it was carrying a four-thousand-pound gilt equestrian statue of George III. ...

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Three • Promised Land, 1773– 1774

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pp. 56-93

In August 1774, Lord Dunmore left the Governor’s Palace in Williamsburg to confront a coalition of Shawnee and Mingo warriors in the remote Ohio River Valley. It was an unusual step for someone in his position, traveling so many mountainous miles on such a dangerous mission. ...

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Four • A Refugee’s Revolution, 1775– 1781

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pp. 94-130

Early on the morning of 8 June 1775, cannon fire resounded off the coast of Yorktown, Virginia. Amid the mounting crisis over colonial rights, it was an ominous sign. Two months earlier, Lord Dunmore had set off a furor when he ordered the secret removal of gunpowder from the Williamsburg magazine. ...

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Five • Abiding Ambitions, 1781– 1796

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pp. 131-178

Even accepting that American loyalists came in all shapes and sizes, with backgrounds and motives as disparate as the colonies themselves, those who populate Dunmore’s story are something of a revelation. Mainly from the South and West, they possessed none of the staid rationality, reverence for tradition, or moderation of mind that define familiar icons of loyalty.1 ...

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Conclusion, 1796– 1809

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pp. 179-184

The appointment of William Dowdeswell as governor of the Bahama Islands in late 1797 more or less made it official: Dunmore’s career in the empire was over. His would not be a restful retirement. Between the saga of Lady Augusta’s marriage and the family’s finances, sources of anxiety were legion and every day a struggle. ...

A Note on Method: Biography and Empire

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pp. 185-188

Notes

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pp. 189-236

Bibliography

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pp. 237-230

Index

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pp. 261-270