Cover

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pp. 1-1

Praise, Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. v-9

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-11

I am very grateful to Msgr. David Manson and Rev. Dr. Peter McGrail, who kindly read this work in draft form and made helpful comments, and also to my former research assistant, Jacob Wood, who did valuable research on the “per Petrum” notion for me. I would like also to thank Prof. Ken...

Abbreviations

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pp. ix-x

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Introduction

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pp. 1-13

The 2007 Ravenna document (hereafter, RD) of the international Catholic-Orthodox theological dialogue was entitled Ecclesiological and Canonical Consequences of the Sacramental Nature of the Church: Ecclesial Communion, Conciliarity and Authority.1 It considered the church’s...

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1. Primacy, Collegiality, and Eucharist

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pp. 15-28

From early Christian times, the bishop presided at the Eucharist in each local church. St Ignatius of Antioch (martyred c.107) understood the bishop as imaging Christ in that role: “wherever the bishop is, there let all his people be; just as wherever Jesus Christ is, there is the...

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2. The Second Millennium

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pp. 29-52

It is no coincidence that the schism between Christian West and East occurred at the same time as the eleventh- century Gregorian reform in the West, named after Pope Gregory VII (1073–85), during which a strongly juridical understanding of the papacy developed. Eamon...

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3. The First Millennium and the Future

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pp. 53-83

In his examination of papal authority in the first four centuries, Pierre Battifol distinguished “three zones” for separate consideration: the suburbicarian area immediately subject to Rome, the West in general beyond that area, and the East. In each of the three zones, the church of Rome exercised both sollicitudo...

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4. Conclusion

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pp. 85-88

Vatican II stated: “Nothing more should be demanded of separated Eastern Christians who come to Catholic unity under the influence of the grace of the Holy Spirit than what the simple profession of the Catholic faith requires” (OE 25). Because the Catholic Church believes that a universal...

Appendix: Ecumenical Councils

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pp. 89-90

Bibliography

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pp. 91-96

Index, Production Notes

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pp. 97-100