Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 1-4

Contents

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pp. 5-6

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About the authors

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pp. 7-10

Ian Anderson is Senior Lecturer in New Technologies for the Humanities at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, and member of the Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII). He conducts research on web services for digital libraries, the archive and feminist theory, the interrelationships between identity, memory, writing and history, ...

Framework Chapters

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1. Business planning for digital libraries

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pp. 13-22

It has become almost conventional to trace the history of the digital library back to Vannevar Bush, or even to notables in the origins of computing such as Charles Babbage or Ada Lovelace. That is not our intention, nor indeed is it our intention to record the history of digital libraries in any detail, ...

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2. Business model innovation in digital libraries: the cultural heritage sector

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pp. 23-32

This chapter focuses on the challenges and opportunities faced when designing new business models for a digital library. Our approach will be first to introduce the reader to the particular characteristics of the cultural heritage sector and the theoretical framework of business model innovation which has been applied to Europeana, ...

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3. Digital libraries in higher education

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pp. 33-44

Higher Education libraries tend rather thoughtlessly to be considered a necessary, if expensive, part of a university which requires little justification. By extension the same approach often characterizes digital libraries. And yet without a clear understanding of the purpose of such libraries, expensive white elephants can all too easily be built. ...

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4. Digital libraries for the arts and social sciences

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pp. 45-56

Over the last fifteen years digital libraries have rapidly evolved from small-scale, independent, experimental projects to large-scale programmes which are increasingly integrated into the activities of the ‘bricks and mortar’ library (Greenstein and Thorin, 2002). In so doing they have moved from seeking to develop their own ‘killer applications’ ...

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5. The impact of the digital library on the planning of scientific, technical and medical libraries

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pp. 57-64

Scientific, technical and medical libraries (STM libraries) are challenged by rapid changes in their technological, scholarly and educational context. STM libraries constantly need to improve and re-invent their services and products in order to address user needs. Regarding access to research literature, the core business of STM libraries today ...

Practice Chapters

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6. E-journals in business planning for digital libraries

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pp. 67-78

In no other aspect of the digital library has the development been so rapid and the dominance so definitively established as in e-journals. In 1995 e-journals still existed only in embryonic and experimental form, whereas now, only fifteen years later, e-journals are the dominant method of publishing in the natural and the exact sciences and the preferred way of publishing research results. ...

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7. E-books: business planning for the digital library

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pp. 79-92

E-books as a significant component of the digital library have been around for about a decade but, apart from a visionary description of the ‘Memex’ – a conceptual device used to store, retrieve and display books – made by Vannevar Bush in 1945 (Bush, 1945), the first real attempt to make books available online was in 1971 ...

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8. Business planning for e-archives

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pp. 93-100

Although it is not uncommon for archives departments to be housed in libraries, archivists are keen to point out that the professional processes associated with archive management are different from those of library management. Archivists have a strict appraisal process for deciding what needs to be preserved and what not, ...

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9. Issues in business planning for archival collections of web materials

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pp. 101-112

The World Wide Web (the ‘web’) is such a pervasive part of our working and personal lives that it presents unprecedented challenges for libraries to collect and manage for preservation. We are more involved with the Web every day in a way in which we have not been with other information materials; it is at once seemingly omnipresent and elusive. ...

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10. Organizing digital preservation

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pp. 113-122

The National Library of the Netherlands (KB) holds a small manuscript with the intriguing title ‘How to preserve books for eternity’, written centuries ago, more precisely in 1527 (Porck 2007). The booklet is bound as an introduction together with a larger manuscript. Books were of course valuable treasures in those days, ...

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11. Business planning for digital repositories

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pp. 123-136

Digital repositories are coming of age. Globally, on average, there has been a repository built every day for the past three years. There are currently (early 2009) around 1300 worldwide. It will be a rare research-based institution which does not have its own repository within a few years. Why the rush? ...

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12. Problems of multi-linguality

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pp. 137-146

Libraries, especially those at the academic or national level, have traditionally held collections representing many languages and scripts. In most cases, however, access to this (mainly) printed material has been at the metadata level (bibliographic records) through single language indexes (subject or author, controlled vocabulary) ...

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13. Business models for Open Access publishing and their effect on the digital library

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pp. 147-156

The Internet has radically changed the way in which researchers and students gain access to scholarly research articles. The vast majority of core research journals are available online (over 90% in science, technical, and medical subjects) and readers have become used to 24/7 desk-top access to articles of interest. ...

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14. Digital library metadata

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pp. 157-164

The simplest and broadest definition of metadata states that they are “data about data”. In this sense, metadata can refer to almost anything in the world provided the referenced item can be conceived as ‘data’. ...

Case Studies

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15. FinELib: an important infrastructure for research

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pp. 167-176

In 1997, the Ministry of Education launched FinELib, the National Electronic Library, in accordance with the Government’s Information Society Programme. The purpose of its activities during its first years of operation was to support higher education, research and learning in Finland. ...

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16. The digital library of Catalonia

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pp. 177-184

The Consortium of Academic Libraries of Catalonia (CBUCwas formally set up in 1996 with the aim of creating and maintaining the collective catalogue of the universities of Catalonia (CCUC) (Anglada 1999) and soon extended its activities to related fields, such as setting up interlibrary loan in 1997, ...

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17. Digital library development in the public library sector in Denmark

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pp. 185-194

The lack of a precise definition of digital libraries has been a constant factor for practitioners and researchers in the information field in Denmark. A relatively comprehensive effort towards reaching a framework and a definition has been carried out in the European DELOS network of reference, where a reference model identifies the basic concepts and relationships characterizing the field. ...

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18. Digital libraries for cultural heritage: a perspective from New Zealand

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pp. 195-206

Modern information and communication technologies (ICT) have brought about changes and developments in many ways. One of these is that time and space no longer hinder the distribution of and access to information. For the cultural heritage sector, these developments have opened up new opportunities. ...

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19. APEnet: a model for Internet based archival discovery environments

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pp. 207-218

In January 2009 the APEnet project, funded by the European Commission, started. Its aim is to create a place on the Internet which provides joint access to archival information from European countries to support research across the holdings of all archival institutions in Europe which want to be accessible there. ...

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20. The California Digital Library

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pp. 219-228

The California Digital Library (CDL) was conceived as a strategic component of the tencampus University of California system and its libraries. The CDL is therefore inextricably linked with the University and its ten campus libraries and their governance, budgeting and operations. ...

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21. The Oxford Digital Library

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pp. 229-240

In 1999, thanks to generous funding from the Andrew W Mellon Foundation, a ninemonth scoping study recommended the formal establishment of a digital library service at the University of Oxford. Subsequent discussions focused on the potential allocation of resources between the functions which would be required to create new digital collections, ...