Political and Legal Perspectives
The Dynamics of Religious Reform in Northern Europe, 1780-1920
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Leuven University Press
Series: Dynamics of Religious Reform
Title Page, Copyright
‘The Dynamics of Religious Reform in Church, State and Society in Northern Europe 1780-1920’ encompasses a wide field of investigation. The first task is to consider what kind of ‘place identity’ is being suggested by the term ‘Northern Europe’. A moment’s reflection or, alternatively, prolonged immersion in the concepts of cultural geography, prompts the response that there is no simple, single and universally satisfying answer. ...
The United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland
The two chapters in this section cover the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - the name adopted by the state two decades after the beginning of the period under review and which was about to break up, with the establishment of the Irish Free State, at its conclusion (with Northern Ireland remaining within the United Kingdom). It is not the mid-century but c.1870 which constitutes the point of division between the two ...
The Reform and Extension of Established Churches in the United Kingdom, 1780-1870
During the latter phase of the Napoleonic Wars, the United Kingdom began directing unprecedented amounts of public money towards improving and extending its established churches. Despite the massive costs of the war, the parliamentary state invested heavily in building new churches, repairing and enlarging existing churches, providing church-based schools, building residence houses for the clergy, and increasing the ...
Church Establishment,Disestablishment and Democracy in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1870-1920
In June 1895, a historian who had once threatened to detonate a mine when he was in Rome observing the Vatican Council in 1870 - where it was decreeing what he thought ought not to have been decreed - delivered his inaugural lecture as Regius Professor of History in the University of Cambridge. His text ran to seventy-four pages, the notes to fifty-seven, but the smaller print of the notes meant that they contained many words more than the lecture. ...
The Low Countries
The Northern and Southern Netherlands formed two different states from the sixteenth century onwards. When, at the end of the eighteenth century, both came under the sphere of influence of revolutionary France, a process of modernisation was initiated. During the Restoration period (1815-1830) they were reunited and constituted the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. However, the contrasts that had developed in the previous centuries ...
Liberal State and Confessional Accommodation
In the Southern Netherlands, under Spanish rule in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and under Austrian rule in the eighteenth century, the Catholic Church had the position of a state religion, recognised and protected by civil authority. In the first half of the sixteenth century Calvinist influence in these regions had been considerable, but the Catholic Counter Reformation had put an end to that. ...
Dutch Political Developments and Religious Reform
The relation between church and state has seldom commanded much political interest in the Netherlands. One might argue that the Netherlands, arguably the least ‘confessionalised’ state of continental Europe in the early modern period, had the least distance to go towards a church-state relationship most people would regard as ‘modern’, that is, an arrangement in which there is no privileged or established church. ...
The German section has been written by two authors who have approached their task from different disciplinary backgrounds: Heiner de Wall is primarily an ecclesiastical lawyer and Andreas Gestrich a social historian. Nevertheless, this contribution has been conceived as a single piece. Differences of approach, under editorial guidance, have been worked through in the composition so that both legal and political perspectives receive interlocking attention. ...
Constitutional Complexity and Confessional Diversity
The political and legal relationship between church and state was particularly complex in Germany as so many core parameters of this relationship kept changing. In the early nineteenth century the political map of Germany altered profoundly. At its outset, many member states of the former Holy Roman Empire disappeared completely or lost their status as autonomous political units, a few also did so later. ...
The Nordic countries
This section considers church reform in its legal and political aspects across Scandinavia/ the Nordic region as a whole. It is obvious that it is in many respects a single story given the partially overlapping and certainly interlocking histories of Denmark, Norway and Sweden at this time. In the absence of an attempt at such a total history, as initially contemplated from another source, however, Liselotte Malmgart and Anders Jarlert have composed two parallel accounts of Denmark/Norway and Sweden respectively ...
State and Church in Denmark and Norway
The relationship between state and church in the Scandinavian countries in the period covered by this volume remained profoundly influenced by two major developments: the sixteenth-century Lutheran Reformation and seventeenth-century absolutism. The account that follows identifies challenges and adaptations to these ‘foundations’ but the state-church relationship cannot be understood without some preliminary ...
Political Reform in Sweden
On 22 June 1866, Archbishop Henric Reuterdahl of Uppsala (1795-1870), Speaker of the Estate of Clergy in Parliament, faced with the fact that the four-estate parliament was to be abolished and replaced by two elected chambers, gave vent to his feelings about this step - the greatest political change of the position of the church in Sweden since the Middle Ages: “When I say that our work is forever ended, I say this without delight, but without sadness as well. ...