In this Book

The Digest of Justinian, Volume 4
summary

When Justinian became sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire in A.D. 527, he ordered the preparation of three compilations of Roman law that together formed the Corpus Juris Civilis. These works have become known individually as the Code, which collected the legal pronouncements of the Roman emperors, the Institutes, an elementary student's textbook, and the Digest, by far the largest and most highly prized of the three compilations. The Digest was assembled by a team of sixteen academic lawyers commissioned by Justinian in 533 to cull everything of value from earlier Roman law. It was for centuries the focal point of legal education in the West and remains today an unprecedented collection of the commentaries of Roman jurists on the civil law.

Commissioned by the Commonwealth Fund in 1978, Alan Watson assembled a team of thirty specialists to produce this magisterial translation, which was first completed and published in 1985 with Theodor Mommsen's Latin text of 1878 on facing pages. This paperback edition presents a corrected English-language text alone, with an introduction by Alan Watson.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. CONTENTS
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. PREFACE TO THE PAPERBACK EDITION
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. GLOSSARY
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-ONE
  2. p. 1
  1. 1. ACQUISITION OF OWNERSHIP OF THINGS
  2. pp. 1-15
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. ACQUISITION AND LOSS OF POSSESSION
  2. pp. 16-31
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. USUCAPIONS AND USURPATIONS
  2. pp. 31-40
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. USUCAPION AS PURCHASER
  2. pp. 40-44
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. USUCAPION AS HEIR OR AS POSSESSOR
  2. p. 44
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. USUCAPION ON THE GROUND OF GIFT
  2. pp. 44-45
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. USUCAPION ON THE GROUND OF ABANDONMENT
  2. pp. 45-46
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. USUCAPION ON THE GROUND OF LEGACY
  2. p. 46
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 9. USUCAPION ON THE GROUND OF DOWRY
  2. p. 47
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 10. USUCAPION FOR ONESELF
  2. pp. 47-48
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-TWO
  2. p. 49
  1. 1. JUDGMENT AND THE EFFECT OF JUDICIAL DECISIONS AND INTERLOCUTORY PROCEEDINGS
  2. pp. 49-58
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. THOSE WHO ADMIT THEIR LIABILITY
  2. pp. 58-59
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. SURRENDER TO BANKRUPTCY
  2. pp. 59-60
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. THE GROUNDS ON WHICH MISSIO IN POSSESSIONEM IS GRANTED
  2. pp. 60-63
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. THINGS TO BE SEIZED AND SOLD BY A JUDGE'S AUTHORITY
  2. pp. 63-69
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. SEPARATIONS
  2. pp. 69-72
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. THE APPOINTMENT OF A CURATOR FOR AN ESTATE
  2. pp. 72-73
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. RESTORATION OF WHAT IS DONE IN FRAUD OF CREDITORS
  2. pp. 73-80
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-THREE
  2. p. 81
  1. 1. INTERDICTS OR ACTIONS EXTRA ORDINEM IN PLACE OF INTERDICTS
  2. pp. 81-82
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. INTERDICTS FOR BONORUM POSSESSIO
  2. p. 82
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. INTERDICTS FOR RECOVERY OF LEGACIES
  2. pp. 82-84
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. TO FORBID THE USE OF FORCE AGAINST SOMEONE SENT TO TAKE POSSESSION
  2. pp. 84-85
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. THE PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS
  2. pp. 85-87
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. TO PREVENT ANYTHING FROM BEING DONE IN A SACRED PLACE
  2. p. 87
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. PUBLIC PLACES AND WAYS
  2. p. 87
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. TO PREVENT ANYTHING FROM BEING DONE IN PUBLIC PLACES OR WAYS
  2. pp. 87-91
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 9. ENJOYMENT OF A PUBLIC PLACE
  2. p. 91
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 10. A PUBLIC STREET AND IF ANYTHING IS SAID TO HAVE BEEN DONE IN IT
  2. p. 91
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 11. REPAIRING A PUBLIC ROAD AND WAY
  2. pp. 91-92
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 12. RIVERS: TO PREVENT ANYTHING FROM BEING DONE IN A PUBLIC RIVER, OR ON ITS BANK, TO HAMPER NAVIGATION
  2. pp. 92-94
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 13. THAT NOTHING SHOULD BE DONE IN A PUBLIC RIVER WHICH MIGHT CAUSE THE WATER TO FLOW OTHERWISE THAN IT DID LAST SUMMER
  2. pp. 94-95
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 14. TO ALLOW NAVIGATION IN A PUBLIC RIVER
  2. p. 95
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 15. BUILDING-UP A BANK
  2. pp. 95-96
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 16. FORCE AND ARMED FORCE
  2. pp. 96-102
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 17. THE POSSESSION OF LAND
  2. pp. 102-104
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 18. SUPERFICIES
  2. pp. 104-105
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 19. PRIVATE RIGHT OF WAY IN PERSON AND WITH CATTLE
  2. pp. 105-108
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 20. DAILY AND SUMMER WATER
  2. pp. 108-113
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 21. WATERCOURSES
  2. pp. 113-114
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 22. SPRINGS
  2. pp. 114-115
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 23. DRAINS
  2. pp. 115-116
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 24. AGAINST FORCE OR STEALTH
  2. pp. 116-124
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 25. WITHDRAWAL OF NOTICE
  2. p. 125
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 26. PRECARIUM
  2. pp. 125-128
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 27. FELLING TREES
  2. pp. 128-129
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 28. GATHERING ACORNS
  2. p. 129
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 29. PRODUCTION OF A FREEMAN
  2. pp. 129-131
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 30. PRODUCTION OF CHILDREN AND THEIR ABDUCTION
  2. pp. 131-132
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 31. POSSESSION
  2. p. 132
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 32. MOVING
  2. pp. 132-133
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 33. THE SALVIAN INTERDICT
  2. p. 133
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-FOUR
  2. p. 134
  1. 1. DEFENSES, PRAESCRIPTIONES, AND PREJUDGMENTS
  2. pp. 134-136
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. THE DEFENSE OF RES JUDICATA
  2. pp. 136-142
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. THE VARIOUS PERIODS OF PRAESCRIPTIONES AND THE ACCESSION OF POSSESSION
  2. pp. 142-144
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. THE DEFENSE OF FRAUD AND THAT OF DURESS
  2. pp. 145-151
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. IN WHICH CASES AN ACTION IS NOT GIVEN
  2. pp. 152-153
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. PROPERTY SUBJECT TO LITIGATION
  2. p. 153
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. OBLIGATIONS AND ACTIONS
  2. pp. 153-162
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-FIVE
  2. p. 163
  1. 1. VERBAL CONTRACTS
  2. pp. 163-191
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. A PLURALITY OF PARTIES
  2. pp. 191-194
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. THE STIPULATION OF SLAVES
  2. pp. 194-199
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-SIX
  2. p. 200
  1. 1. SURETIES AND MANDATORS
  2. pp. 201-211
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. NOVATIONS AND DELEGATIONS
  2. pp. 211-216
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. PERFORMANCES AND RELEASES
  2. pp. 216-235
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. FORMAL RELEASES
  2. pp. 235-238
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. PRAETORIAN STIPULATIONS
  2. pp. 238-240
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. THAT THE PROPERTY OF A PUPILLUS OR A YOUTH BE INTACT
  2. pp. 240-241
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. THAT A JUDGMENT BE PERFORMED
  2. pp. 241-245
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. CONFIRMATION AND RATIFICATION
  2. pp. 245-249
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-SEVEN
  2. p. 250
  1. 1. PRIVATE DELICTS
  2. pp. 250-251
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. THEFTS
  2. pp. 251-273
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. INCORPORATED MATERIAL
  2. p. 273
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. THE ACTION FOR THEFT AGAINST SHIPS' MASTERS, INNKEEPERS, AND LIVERYMEN
  2. p. 275
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. IF A FAMILY OF SLAVES BE SAID TO HAVE COMMITTED THEFT
  2. pp. 275-277
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. TREES SECRETLY FELLED
  2. p. 277
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. GOODS TAKEN BY FORCE AND ON TUMULT
  2. pp. 279-282
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 9. FIRE, COLLAPSE OF BUILDINGS, SHIPWRECK, RAFT, AND SHIP TAKEN BY STORM
  2. pp. 282-285
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 10. CONTUMELIES AND DEFAMATORY WRITINGS
  2. pp. 285-297
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 11. EXTRAORDINARY CRIMES
  2. pp. 298-299
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 12. VIOLATION OF A TOMB
  2. pp. 299-301
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 13. EXTORTION WITH MENACES
  2. p. 301
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 14. CATTLE THIEVES
  2. pp. 301-302
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 15. COLLUSION
  2. pp. 302-303
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 16. HARBORERS
  2. p. 303
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 17. THIEVES WHO LURK ABOUT BATHS
  2. pp. 303-304
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 18. BREAKERS OUT OR IN AND ROBBERS
  2. p. 304
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 19. THE DESPOILED INHERITANCE
  2. pp. 304-305
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 20. SWINDLING
  2. p. 305
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 21. REMOVAL OF A BOUNDARY STONE
  2. p. 306
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 22. COLLEGIA AND ASSOCIATIONS
  2. pp. 306-307
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 23. POPULAR ACTIONS
  2. pp. 307-308
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-EIGHT
  2. p. 309
  1. 1. CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS
  2. pp. 309-310
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. ACCUSATIONS AND INDICTMENTS
  2. pp. 310-314
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. CUSTODY AND PRODUCTION OF PERSONS CHARGED
  2. pp. 314-316
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. LEX JULIA ON TREASON
  2. pp. 316-318
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. LEX JULIA ON PUNISHING ADULTERIES
  2. pp. 318-330
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. LEX JULIA ON VIS PUBLICA
  2. pp. 330-331
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. LEX JULIA ON VIS PRIVATA
  2. pp. 331-332
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. LEX CORNELIA ON MURDERERS AND POISONERS
  2. pp. 332-335
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 9. LEX POMPEZA ON PARRICIDES
  2. pp. 335-336
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 10. LEX CORNELIA ON FALSEHOODS AND THE SENATUS CONSULTUM LIBONIANUM
  2. pp. 336-343
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 11. LEX JULIA ON EXTORTION
  2. pp. 344-345
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 12. LEX JULIA ON THE CORN SUPPLY
  2. p. 345
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 13. LEX JULIA ON EMBEZZLEMENT [OF PUBLIC MONEY], ON SACRILEGE, AND ON MONEYS REMAINING
  2. pp. 345-347
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 14. THE LEX JULIA ON ELECTORAL CORRUPTION
  2. p. 348
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 15. LEX FABIA ON KIDNAPPERS
  2. pp. 348-349
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 16. SENATUS CONSULTUM TURPlLLlANUM AND THE ANNULMENT OF CHARGES
  2. pp. 349-353
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 17. WANTED PERSONS OR THOSE WHO MAY BE CONDEMNED IN THEIR ABSENCE
  2. pp. 353-354
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 18. INVESTIGATIONS
  2. pp. 354-359
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 19. PUNISHMENTS
  2. pp. 359-368
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 20. PROPERTY OF CONDEMNED PERSONS
  2. pp. 368-371
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 21. PROPERTY OF PERSONS WHO BEFORE SENTENCE HAVE EITHER COMMITTED SUICIDE OR CORRUPTED THEIR ACCUSER
  2. pp. 371-373
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 22. PERSONS UNDER INTERDICT RELEGATED AND DEPORTED
  2. pp. 373-376
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 23. THOSE WHO HAVE SERVED THEIR SENTENCE AND BEEN REINSTATED
  2. p. 377
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 24. DEAD BODIES OF PUNISHED PERSONS
  2. p. 377
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FORTY-NINE
  2. p. 378
  1. 1. APPEALS AND REFERRALS
  2. pp. 378-383
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. PERSONS FROM WHOM IT IS NOT PERMITTED TO APPEAL
  2. p. 383
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. WHO MAY APPEAL FROM WHOM
  2. p. 383
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. WHEN AN APPEAL IS TO BE MADE AND WITHIN WHAT TIMES
  2. pp. 383-385
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. WHETHER APPEALS ARE TO BE ACCEPTED OR NOT
  2. pp. 385-386
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. LETTERS OF REPORT WHICH ARE KNOWN AS APOSTOLI
  2. p. 386
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. NOTHING NEW IS TO BE DONE ONCE THE APPEAL HAS BEEN LODGED
  2. pp. 386-387
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. JUDGMENTS WHICH MAY BE RESCINDED WITHOUT AN APPEAL
  2. p. 387
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 9. WHETHER GROUNDS OF APPEALS CAN BE GIVEN BY A THIRD PARTY
  2. p. 388
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 10. IF A TUTOR OR A CURATOR OR AN ELECTED MAGISTRATE APPEALS
  2. p. 388
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 11. THE APPELLANT TO DEFEND HIMSELF IN [HIS OWN] PROVINCE
  2. p. 388
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 12. [AN APPELLANT] MAY BE REQUIRED TO PLEAD ANOTHER ACTION BEFORE [A JUDGE] FROM WHOM HE IS APPEALING
  2. p. 389
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 13. IF DEATH OCCURS WHILE AN APPEAL IS PENDING
  2. p. 389
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 14. RIGHTS OF THE IMPERIAL TREASURY
  2. pp. 389-399
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 15. PRISONERS OF WAR, POSTLIMINIUM, AND PERSONS RANSOMED FROM THE ENEMY
  2. pp. 399-406
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 16. MILITARY LAW
  2. pp. 407-411
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 17. PECULIUM CASTRENSE
  2. pp. 411-415
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 18. VETERANS
  2. p. 415
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. BOOK FIFTY
  2. p. 416
  1. 1. MUNICIPES AND FOREIGN RESIDENTS
  2. pp. 416-421
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. DECURIONS AND THEIR SONS
  2. pp. 422-424
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. COMPILING THE LIST OF MEMBERS
  2. p. 424
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. MUNERA AND OFFICES
  2. pp. 425-430
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. RELEASE AND EXEMPTION FROM MUNERA
  2. pp. 430-432
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. THE RIGHT OF IMMUNITY
  2. pp. 432-434
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. EMBASSIES
  2. pp. 434-436
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. THE ADMINISTRATION OF PROPERTY BELONGING TO THE [PROVINCIAL] COMMUNITIES
  2. pp. 436-438
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 9. DECREES MADE BY AN ORDO
  2. pp. 438-439
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 10. PUBLIC WORKS
  2. pp. 439-440
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 11. MARKETS
  2. p. 440
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 12. UNDERTAKINGS
  2. pp. 440-443
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 13. VARIOUS AND EXTRAORDINARY JUDICIAL EXAMINATIONS AND IF A JUDGE IS SAID TO HAVE NEGLECTED HIS DUTY
  2. pp. 443-444
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 14. SLAVE-TRADING MATTERS
  2. p. 445
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 15. CENSUSES
  2. pp. 445-447
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 16. THE MEANING OF EXPRESSIONS
  2. pp. 447-470
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 17. VARIOUS RULES OF EARLY LAW
  2. pp. 470-483
  3. restricted access Download |
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.