Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-7

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Preface

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pp. 7-8

This book began as a paper presented at the thirtieth annual conference of the Sudan Studies Association, held at Ohio State University May 13-15, 2011.1 Having defended my doctoral dissertation on Aksumite relations with Ḥimyar at Princeton University some months earlier,2 ...

Contents

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pp. 9-10

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1. Introduction

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pp. 11-24

The Ethiopian kingdom of Aksum3 and the Nubian kingdom of Kush were two of the great African civilizations of antiquity. Both were expansionist polities linked to the outside world through long-distance trade and have left rich records of their respective histories in the form of monuments and inscriptions. ...

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2. The Question of Aksumite Trade with Nubia

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pp. 25-36

Though excavations at the hill of Bēta Gīyōrgīs indicate that the district of Aksum, the town after which the kingdom took its name, was occupied at least as early as the fourth century BCE,63 it was not until the first century CE that the kingdom of Aksum was first mentioned by Graeco-Roman authors. ...

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3. The Third Century CE: Monumentum Adulitanum II (RIE 277)

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pp. 37-66

Having examined the evidence for contact between Aksum and Kush during the first two centuries of the Common Era, one is left with the impression that the two kingdoms, though closely tied to the commerce of the outside world, had little interest in maintaining intensive trade ties with each other. ...

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4. The Fourth Century CE: Aksum in Nubia

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pp. 67-148

The story of Aksum’s military operations in Upper Nubia is a familiar one, retold countless times—with varying degrees of accuracy—in secondary literature on Ethiopia and Nubia, as well as in general histories of pre-colonial Africa.270 Traditionally, the dynamic Aksumite king ‘Ēzānā, also famous as the first Christian king of Ethiopia, ...

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5. After Kush: Aksum and Nubia in the Sixth Century CE

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pp. 149-166

An able and powerful ruler, Kālēb (c. 510-540) compares favorably with ‘Ēzānā as one of Aksum’s greatest military leaders. By far the most significant development in his reign was the conquest of the South Arabian kingdom of Ḥimyar, the successor to Saba’ and the polity which since the early fourth century had enjoyed uncontested dominion over South Arabia ...

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6. Conclusion

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pp. 167-172

What have we learned of Aksumite-Nubian relations? In fact, very little. For the period before the rise of Aksum, there is indeed good evidence of commercial and even political contact between Nubia and the Horn of Africa. By the turn of the first millennium BCE, however, the two regions seem to have gravitated toward two different axes: ...

Bibliography

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pp. 173-199

Maps

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pp. 200-202

Index

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pp. 203-208