Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

This book, Bread to Eat and Clothes to Wear: Letters from Jewish Migrants in the Early Twentieth Century, is the result of the research I completed for my last two books, which were published in Hebrew and which dealt with the mass Jewish migration in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. During the writing of these books, I discovered letters in the Central Zionist Archives and in the American ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-88

Between 1875 and 1924, more than 2.7 million Jews from Eastern Europe immigrated to countries overseas. The departure of millions of men, women, and children effected a radical change in the entire aspect of the Jewish people in modern times, and in many ways its consequences are recognizable to this day. This was the Exodus from Egypt in modern form, the exodus of a people who wished to free themselves from ...

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The Letters

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pp. 89-210

The letters were written in Yiddish and Hebrew by Eastern European Jews who were considering migration. It is not known whether they made the decision to migrate to one of the countries that received migrants. Since a considerable number of the letters were written in a state of distress and emotional turmoil, the handwriting was not always legible. The deciphering of the letters took many long months, ...

Appendix A: The Extent of Jewish Migration

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pp. 211-212

Appendix B: Towns

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pp. 213-214

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 215-220

Index

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pp. 221-228