Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 2-7

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-xii

We thrive in an academic community when we take up, with fondness and gratitude, the society of its members. During the ten years of this book’s evolution, I have accumulated several debts, not all of which can be mentioned here: Brad Gregory, Hester Gelber, Kathryn Miller, Paula Findlen, ...

List of Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xiv

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-20

In 1324, a physician and scholar named Marsilius of Padua refuted papal sovereignty in the name of peace. In his soon-to-be notorious Defensor pacis (Defender of the Peace), Marsilius asserted the legitimacy of a secular monarch over the clergy, insisting that the only true peace was earthly tranquility, and that tranquility was the exclusive province of the prince. ...

read more

1. Revising Peace: Reform and the Millennium

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 21-54

In August 1023, on the banks of the Meuse in Alsace-Lorraine, the two preeminent Christian monarchs of the West made a great gesture toward achieving God’s peace on earth. Emperor Henry II and King Robert the Pious of France “concluded a statement of peace and justice and a reconciliation of mutual friendship.”1 ...

read more

2. The Papal Reform: Peace Espoused and Repudiated

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 55-75

An anonymous vita begun during the final years of Pope Leo IX’s life speaks of the young bishop Bruno of Toul’s arrival in Rome in 1049. A kinsman of Emperor Henry III, the new pope had recently been ruling a diocese in Upper Lotharingia and had gained the highest clerical seat in Latin Christendom after a series of disputed and scandalous papal elections.1 ...

read more

3. False Sacraments: Violence, Captivity, and Insurrection

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 76-114

During Lent in 1074, the assistants of the bishop of Milan prepared a chrism, as they did every year in preparation for the public baptism of infants and catachumens at Easter. This year, however, on the appointed day, a vavasor named Erlembald pushed himself through the waiting crowds, snatched the chrism, and before everyone’s eyes spilled it and then stamped on it. ...

read more

4. Dueling Sacraments: The Communion of Judas Iscariot

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 115-152

Since the days of the Peace of God movement, a number of standard images served to describe those who rescinded peace. One, dogs returning to their vomit, alluded to Gregory the Great’s criticism of apostates, indicating that taking up peace could be considered an act of conversion. ...

read more

5. Inner Peace: Discord, Discretion, and Discipline

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 153-189

The disgust of Jesus’s listeners at being asked to eat his flesh showed the difficulties that a carnal understanding of the sacraments placed in the way of spiritual benefit. No matter how carefully the sacraments were guarded and explained, it was no easy matter to absorb these mysteries of divine redemption. ...

read more

6. Exporting Peace: Ecclesiology and Evangelism

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 190-229

In 1143, Evervin, the abbot of Steinfeld, wrote a troubled letter to Bernard of Clairvaux, relating the final testament of a group of men accused of heresy and then slaughtered by a mob in Cologne: ...

read more

7. Communes: Inversions of Peace

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 230-263

In 1112 the inhabitants of Laon rose up against their rulers, massacred their bishop, Gaudry, and indulged in carnivalesque acts of vandalism and homicide before an opportunistic warlord, Thomas de Marle, subjugated the city. When Guibert, abbot of Nogent-sous-Coucy, searched for lessons from the urban insurrection and its bloody consequences, ...

read more

8. Disciplining Behemoth: Provisions for Secular Peace

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 264-296

Late in the twelfth century, a canon lawyer and bishop named Rufinus of Sorrento wrote a two-volume treatise, possibly the first of its kind entirely devoted to peace.1 In De bono pacis (On the Goodness of Peace), Rufinus argued that human beings experienced peace as species of a universal PAX: the peace of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.2 ...

read more

Epilogue

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 297-304

So wrote Dante Alighieri in his controversial De monarchia of 1318, deemed heretical by Pope John XXII and preserved only through camouflage.1 Refuted by proxy, mistitled, bound within unrelated manuscripts, the authorized edition only emerged in Protestant Basel in the middle of the sixteenth century.2 ...

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 305-324

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 325-336