Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-5

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Foreword, by Edward Whiting Fox

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pp. v-x

...proposition that each generation must rewrite his­ tory is more widely quoted than practiced. In the field of college texts on western civilization, the conventional ac­ counts have been revised, and sources and supplementary materials have been developed; but it is too long a time since the basic narrative has been rewritten to meet the rapidly changing needs of new college generations...

Contents

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pp. 12-15

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Introduction

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pp. 1-2

...In the first place, this means that the century witnessed the Protestant Reformation, that revolt from the Roman Catho­lic Church led by Martin Luther and others which ended the ecclesiastical unity of western Christendom. This is the common usage of the term, and it was in this sense that Pre­served Smith used it a generation...

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I. The European World about 1500

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pp. 3-46

...Lake Constance, turns northward to begin its course through Germany to the North Sea. It was here that one of the two great church councils of the fifteenth century had been held. Here one of the famous universities of Europe was located; here John Froben, one of the great printers of the sixteenth century, had his shop; and here Erasmus, the prince of Humanists, spent his later years...

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II. The Religious Upheaval

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pp. 47-91

...We will never know precisely what happened to Luther in the years between his becoming a monk in 1505 and his dramatic attack on indulgences in 1517. But we know from his contemporary lecture notes and from his later writings and conversations with friends that he underwent years of harrowing emotional and intellectual tension which finally resulted in a "conversion" experience sometime during these years...

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III. The Struggle for Power

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pp. 92-134

...Europe's economy was subjected to severe strain by the spectacular rise in prices which began about the middle of the century. The war expenditures and devaluation pol­icies of European governments had something to do with the inflationary movement, but the main cause was the mounting flood of precious metal which poured into Eu­rope from Spanish America after the opening of the fabu­lously rich silver mines at Potosi in Peru...

Chronological Summary

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pp. 135-138

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Suggestions for Further Reading

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pp. 139-142

...The most successful attempts at a synthesis of the age are in French and German. The two relevant volumes in the Peuples et Civilisations series are particularly good: Henri Hauser and Augustin Renaudet, Les Debuts de l'age moderne [1492-1559] (Paris, 1938), and Henri Hauser, La Preponderance espagnole [1559-1660]...

Index

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pp. 143-146