Creating Christian Granada
Society and Religious Culture in an Old-World Frontier City, 1492–1600
Publication Year: 2013
Creating Christian Granada provides a richly detailed examination of a critical and transitional episode in Spain's march to global empire. The city of Granada-Islam's final bastion on the Iberian peninsula-surrendered to the control of Spain's "Catholic Monarchs" Isabella and Ferdinand on January 2, 1492. Over the following century, Spanish state and Church officials, along with tens of thousands of Christian immigrant settlers, transformed the formerly Muslim city into a Christian one.
With constant attention to situating the Granada case in the broader comparative contexts of the medieval reconquista tradition on the one hand and sixteenth-century Spanish imperialism in the Americas on the other, Coleman carefully charts the changes in the conquered city's social, political, religious, and physical landscapes. In the process, he sheds light on the local factors contributing to the emergence of tensions between the conquerors and Granada's formerly Muslim, "native" morisco community in the decades leading up to the crown-mandated expulsion of most of the city's moriscos in 1569-1570.
Despite the failure to assimilate the moriscos, Granada's status as a frontier Christian community under construction fostered among much of the immigrant community innovative religious reform ideas and programs that shaped in direct ways a variety of church-wide reform movements in the era of the ecumenical Council of Trent (1545-1563). Coleman concludes that the process by which reforms of largely Granadan origin contributed significantly to transformations in the Church as a whole forces a reconsideration of traditional "top-down" conceptions of sixteenth-century Catholic reform.
Published by: Cornell University Press
The writing of this book and the research on which it is based have been made possible by fellowships and grants from a variety of organizations and individuals, and to all of them I offer my thanks: the Fulbright Foundation; the Tinker Foundation; Miriam Usher Chrisman; the Society for Reformation Research; ...
When did Granada become a "Christian" city? The most obvious answer to this question is misleading: January 2, 1492-the date on which the "Catholic Monarchs" Isabella and Ferdinand of Castile and Aragon triumphantly entered this city in the southeastern corner of the Iberian Peninsula, thus subduing Islam's last bastion in Western Europe and completing the centuries-long Christian "reconquest" of Spain. ...
Chapter 1: A Frontier Society
Juan de la Torre was one of the thousands of Christian immigrants who came to Granada seeking opportunity and fortune in the decades after the city's 1492 conquest. He had grown up in Toledo as a member of a wealthy judeoconverso merchant family that played a leading role in that city's endemic violence between Jewish converts and "Old Christians." ...
Chapter 2: Mudéjares and Moriscos
Judging by the 1563 distribution of his six-million maravedi estate among his heirs, the morisco merchant Alonso Hermes had become by the middle decades of the sixteenth century one of Granada's wealthiest residents. Yet little is known of his family's past. His recent Muslim ancestors certainly had not been members of Nasrid Granada's ruling elite, ...
Chapter 3: A Divided City, A Shared City
The eventual expulsion of most of the city's "native" community in 1569-1570 at the height of the second rebellion casts an imposing shadow over any examination of morisco-Christian immigrant relations in postconquest Granada. Given the tragic outcome, it is difficult to avoid the temptation to emphasize moments of confrontation, ...
Chapter 4: The Emergence of a New Order
The conquest of Granada had been a royal project, and in theory, crown authority over the conquered city was absolute. With the exception of the Alhambra palace and its environs—placed by Ferdinand and Isabella under the seigneurial authority of the count of Tendilla—Granada was a royal city, subject to the crown's direct authority rather than to that of a noble lord. ...
Chapter 5: Creating Christian Granada
Granada's earliest immigrant community in the 1490s included a small group of laborers from Asturias and Spain's other mountainous northern coastal regions. On arrival, most of these Asturian immigrants, prohibited by the surrender agreement from residing within the city itself, concentrated themselves in a marginal neighborhood outside the city walls, ...
Chapter 6: Defining Reform
Arguably the most powerful ruler Europe had seen since the days of the ancient Roman Empire, the young Habsburg Holy Roman emperor, duke of Burgundy and king of Castile and Aragon, Charles V, entered Granada on June 4, 1526, for what would be his first and only visit to the frontier city.1 ...
Chapter 7: Negotiating Reform
By all accounts, Pedro Guerrero was among the most significant and influential figures at both the second (1551-1552) and third (1562-1563) meetings of the ecumenical Council of Trent. The Guerrero of the council's 1562-1563 final convocation, however, was a very different man from the one who had headed the Spanish delegation a decade earlier. ...
Chapter 8: Rebellion, Retrenchment, and the Road to the Sacromonte
Having spent at that point a total of less than five years in Granada, Pedro Guerrero was still a relative newcomer among the city's immigrant community when he returned from his first journey to Trent on January 17, 1553. On his arrival, he received from much of his flock a warm welcome complete with festive reception ceremonies ...
Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2013
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