The Irish in the Atlantic World
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of South Carolina Press
This project was conceived and encouraged by Simon Lewis, my codirector of the Program in the Carolina Low country and the Atlantic World (CLAW) when I came to the College of Charleston in the fall of 2002. He has been supportive of it in all kinds of ways through all stages. No one could ask for a better colleague and collaborator. ...
The Irish Atlantic?
In July 2000 at a meeting of the American Bar Association held in Dublin, the minister of enterprise and tánaiste (deputy prime minister) of the Irish government, Mary Harney, in a speech describing Ireland’s relationship with the European Union (EU) and the United States, stated, “Geographically we [the Irish people] are closer to Berlin than Boston.” ...
Part I: Ireland in the Atlantic World
Mathewite Temperance in Atlantic Perspective
Outside his native Ireland, Father Theobald Mathew would rank high on any list of the forgotten famous of the last two centuries. Yet in his own day, Mathew, along with Daniel O’Connell, was indisputably the most popular man in Ireland, and over the course of the nineteenth century, halls, statues, and towers were erected in his honor all over Ireland, ...
The Anatomy of Failure: Nineteenth-Century Irish Copper Mining in the Atlantic and Global Economy
The widely held image of nineteenth-century Ireland as having an almost exclusively agricultural economy has truncated our understanding of Ireland’s economy. Without denying the dominant role agriculture played in the Irish economy at that time, other aspects deserve attention. One of these is copper mining. ...
Transatlantic Migrations of Irish Music in the Early Recording Age
In the early twentieth century, recordings of Irish musicians in America had a major impact on traditional musicians in both Irish America and Ireland. This idea has often been repeated in Irish music circles, and academic discourse surrounding the movement of these recordings generally includes a version of the same generic sentence: ...
The “Idea of America” in the New Irish State, 1922–1960
Much has been written about the extent, nature, and significance of the links and ties that bind Ireland and the United States together, particularly in the period 1856 to 1914.1 Kevin Kenny recently noted that the study of Irish America in the twentieth century is still in its infancy.2 ...
Part II: Irish Identity in the Atlantic World
“The Transmigrated Soul of Some West Indian Planter”: Absenteeism, Slavery, and the Irish National Tale
The complexities of Irish identity in the eighteenth century shaped and were shaped by Ireland’s varied roles within the British Empire. As historian Alvin Jackson argues, “Irish people were simultaneously major participants in Empire, and a significant source of subversion. ...
Slavery, Irish Nationalism, and Irish American Identity in the South, 1840–1845
In 1840 Daniel O’Connell launched the first mass nationalist movement in Ireland when he formed the Loyal National Repeal Association (LNRA) to agitate for the end of the Irish parliamentary union with Great Britain. The movement focused on repealing the British Act of Union of 1800, an act conservative Protestants in England and Ireland had conceived ...
“From the Cabins of Connemara to the Kraals of Kaffirland”: Irish Nationalists, the British Empire, and the “Boer Fight for Freedom”
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, white settler regimes from Canada to Australasia to southern Africa aggressively demanded the right of selfdetermination for themselves and gradually achieved dominion status within the framework of an emerging British Empire / Commonwealth. ...
Kathleen O’Brennan and American Identity in the Transatlantic Irish Republican Movement
Historians of the factious relationship between American Irish nationalists and Irish politicians in the era of World War I attribute the differences between them to distinct national outlooks. The trans atlantic struggle for Irish independence was contentious, historians of the Friends of Irish Freedom (FOIF) argue, because American concerns were incompatible with Irish ones.1 ...
“Blues Coming down Royal Avenue”: Van Morrison’s Belfast Blues
In 1964 nineteen-year-old Van Morrison was at a loose end in Belfast. He was a hardened veteran of the Irish showband scene, having played in the Monarchs since 1960, playing shows in Northern Ireland, Scotland, Germany, and England. Showbands were lucrative, but the limitations of the form frustrated Morrison. ...
Part III: The Irish in the Atlantic World
The “Quadripartite Concern” of St. Croix: An Irish Catholic Experiment in the Danish West Indies
St. Croix lies forty miles to the southeast of Puerto Rico and some ninety miles to the northwest of the British Leeward Islands.1 However, the island’s isolated appearance on the map belies its strategic position at the crossroads of Caribbean commerce, particularly during the mid-eighteenth century. ...
The Irish and the Formation of British Communities in Early Massachusetts
One evening in May 1661, Philip Welsh and William Downing strode into their master’s parlor just before prayers and delivered an astonishing challenge. The two men, indentured servants to Ipswich magistrate Samuel Symonds, declared, “We will worke with you, or for you, noe longer. . . . We have served you seven years, we thinke that is longe enough.” ...
From Ulster to the Carolinas: John Torrans, John Greg, John Poaug, and Bounty Emigration, 1761–1768
“But of all other countries, none has furnished the province with so many inhabitants as Ireland,” South Carolina’s first historian wrote in 1779. The Reverend Alexander Hewatt observed that the spirit of emigration from “the northern counties of that kingdom” to America was so strong in the 1760s and 1770s as to threaten “almost a total depopulation” of the Irish province of Ulster. ...
“The Unacclimated Stranger Should Be Positively Prohibited from Joining the Party”: Irish Immigrants, Black Laborers, and Yellow Fever on Charleston’s Waterfront
Irishmen labored on waterfronts throughout the Atlantic World in the nineteenth century. Although the work these Irish waterfront laborers performed was, more or less, similar regardless of the geographical location of the port, those who worked upon the wharves and transported goods to and from the waterfronts of port cities in the antebellum American South ...
The Orange Atlantic
After three decades of conflict, the recent political settlement in Northern Ireland has inevitably led to new light being cast onto the Orange Order, an organization closely associated with the Protestant-Unionist hegemony in the province. The political situation has transformed so radically that the power base of the Protestant majority has been permanently eroded, ...
Catherine M. Bums received a master’s degree in history at the University of Massachusetts and is a doctoral candidate in the Department of History, University of Wisconsin-Madison. ...