Ritual and Music in Hindu Tradition
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of South Carolina Press
Series: Studies in Comparative Religion
Table of Contents
Series Editor's Preface
This new book is an important sequel to Professor Beck’s pioneering earlier book in this series—Sonic Theology: Hinduism and Sacred Sound,published in 1993.The earlier book focused on theoretical understandings of sacred sound in Hindu traditions from the earliest times, whereas this sequel takes us into the actual, lived world of Hindu ritual and liturgy, which the author refers to as “sacred sound in...
This book is dedicated to all the musicians and ritual specialists of Hindu India who have diligently maintained their traditions with unswerving devotion over the centuries. Sonic Liturgy: Ritual and Music in Hindu Tradition may be viewed as a sequel to the previous Sonic Theology: Hinduism and Sacred Sound (1993), also published by the University of South Carolina Press. While the former deals with...
Note on Transliteration
For the many terms in this book that are derived from Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali,Telugu, and Tamil languages, the diacritical marks have been omitted in the main text but appear in the appropriate entries in the glossary and in the titles listed in the notes and bibliography. Several of the Hindu proper nouns are given in standardized form as Vishnu, Krishna, Siva, Sarasvati, Durga, and so on, while terms...
THE ONLINE DESCRIPTION OF THE GRADUATE program in liturgical studies at the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, California, contained the following statement in August 2010: “The goal of this program is to promote the study and understanding of Christian worship as it is lived and expressed through the churches’ various traditions and cultures. It assumes that worship is at the heart of...
1: Ancient India
INDIAN MUSIC AND ITS EMPLOYMENT IN WORSHIP as a sonic liturgy is traceable to the earliest roots of Indian civilization. Comprising the Yajna or Vedic fire sacrifices, the Soma sacrifices, and the singing of Sama-Gana in Sanskrit, the concept of sonic liturgy in Vedic religion first developed as a uniquely Indo-Aryantradition. With the parallel rise of early classical music and its association with...
2: Classical India
AS WE HAVE SEEN, VEDIC INDIA was dominated by a culture that promoted fire sacrifices and the melodic chanting of the Sama-Veda. Vedic literatures provided information about the means to propitiate the gods in order to gain desirable goals, as well as about how the universe functioned. The mode of access to the Vedic gods was through the combination of the chanted text and fire and not...
3: Medieval India
THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD OF INDIA (ca. fourth to seventeenth century c.e.) is characterized by the rise of Hindu temple worship and devotional music or Bhakti Sangit. The rapid spread of devotional Bhakti traditions, beginning in the south and extending to the north, stimulated many new forms of architectural, literary,and musical expression. In architecture there was the splendid rise of Hindu ...
4: Seva and Haveli Sangit
AS THE PRACTICES OF TEMPLE HINDUISM evolved and became standardized in the medieval period, the Bhakti movements spread throughout India, and by the fourteenth century the deity of Krishna had become the most popular object of Bhakti devotional music. While there are numerous examples of devotional music directed at other deities such as Siva, Ganesha, and the goddesses Durga...
5: Seva and Samaj Gayan
BESIDE THE VALLABHA TRADITION OF Pushti Marg, there are three additional Krishna sampradayas flourishing in Braj that have adopted Bhakti Sangit as their central form of devotional expression. Instead of Haveli Sangit, they have cultivated the other most important form of Bhakti Sangit, Samaj Gayan. A form of northern Pada-Kirtan, it is found in at least three distinct traditions of Seva or ...
THIS BOOK BEGAN WITH A CALL TO WIDEN the concept of liturgy and liturgical studies beyond Christian parameters. Certainly the case has been made for the importance of studying ritual and liturgy in different religions. Yet because of alack of attention to the implicit connections between ritual and music, we have adopted the category of sonic liturgy as a method of approaching the immense...