Nietzsche and Phenomenology
Power, Life, Subjectivity
Publication Year: 2013
What are the challenges that Nietzsche's philosophy poses for contemporary phenomenology? Elodie Boublil, Christine Daigle, and an international group of scholars take Nietzsche in new directions and shed light on the sources of phenomenological method in Nietzsche, echoes and influences of Nietzsche within modern phenomenology, and connections between Nietzsche, phenomenology, and ethics. Nietzsche and Phenomenology offers a historical and systematic reconsideration of the scope of Nietzsche’s thought.
Published by: Indiana University Press
Series: Studies in Continental Thought
NIETZSCHE AND PHENOMENOLOGY
WE WOULD LIKE to thank our contributors for their enthusiastic response to our invitation to write on the very important topic this volume explores. Without the quality of their individual investigations, this book would not have been possible. We also wish to thank Dee Mortensen, Sarah Eileen Jacobi, and Tim Roberts at Indiana University Press, and the copyeditor, Judith hoover, for their support and invaluable help on this ...
PUTTING NIETZSCHE AND phenomenology together in the same sentence might be startling to some, even unpalatable to others. Nietzsche’s writing style along with his rejection of the Spirit of Gravity1 would seem to oppose the very goal of the phenomenological project as well as its foundational and scientific ambition. To Nietzsche ...
Part I. Life and Intentionality
1 Husserl and Nietzsche
EACH POINT OF view limits our view.1 However, a point of view is needed in order to see anything at all. “All life is taking a position,” said Husserl2; it is “an engaging.” ...
2 The Intentional Encounter with “the World”
IN HUMAN, ALL Too Human, Nietzsche begins his investigation by considering the human encounter with objects in the world.1 His approach to the problem is initially conducted via a critique of Kant’s philosophy in the first chapter, “Of First and Last Things.” The book, written for the free spirit—the one
3 On Nietzsche’s Genealogy and Husserl’s Genetic Phenomenology: The Case of Suffering
THE QUESTION OF suffering played a prominent part in philosophical reflections until the end of the nineteenth century. In contemporary philosophy, this question is almost entirely forgotten. Of course, one could object to such a claim and suggest that nowadays philosophers address suffering indirectly when they turn to the question of pain—an issue by no means uncommon in contemporary philosophical discussions. ...
4 Live Free or Battle: Subjectivity for Nietzsche and Husserl
IT IS WELL known that Husserl identified the approach and themes of existentialists like Nietzsche with irrationalism. He perceived them as a threat to universal science. Their supposed excesses, seeming dilettantism, and cult-like popularity were a provocation for Husserl’s final version of phenomenology. ...
5 Giants Battle Anew: Nihilism’s Self-Overcoming in Europe and Asia (Nietzsche, Heidegger, Nishitani)
TRANSPLANTED INTO THE “ground” of Being, words take on new meaning.1 Thus some clarification is in order when Heidegger announces that presentation and interpretation will necessarily interpenetrate each other in his “argument” (Auseinandersetzung) with Nietzsche. This argument is in no sense demonstrative, as the term is ...
6 Fink, Reading Nietzsche: On Overcoming Metaphysics
NIETZSCHE'S ROLE IN European thought has been preponderant for at least fifty years. First relegated to literary studies, then, with Hitler’s rise to power, to the domain of ideology (by Alfred Baümler, in particular),1 his work only begins to be considered as philosophy with the publication of Jaspers’s monograph in 19362 and the lectures Heidegger gave from 1936 to 1940 but did not publish until 1961. ...
Part II. Power and Expression
7 Nietzsche’s Performative Phenomenology: Philology and Music
Like the manifold significations of Being, phenomenology can be and has been articulated in several ways. To say this is also to underscore that when we choose for one expression of phenomenology, even, say, the most canonic expression, such as Husserl’s, we also tend to choose against other approaches. This can go so far as to exclude ...
8 Of the Vision and the Riddle: From Nietzsche to Phenomenology
THE CHAPTER TITLED “Of the Vision and the Riddle” in Thus Spoke Zarathustra presents the Nietzschean test of the Eternal Return. This invitation conveys the premises of the reevaluation to come, since it reverses the traditional connotations associated with riddles, on the one hand, and those related to vision, on the other hand. From the beginning, seeing does not help solve the ...
9 The “Biology” to Come? Encounter between Husserl, Nietzsche, and Some Contemporaries
THIS ESSAY ADDRESSES two problems whose outcome indicates the site where a dialogue between phenomenology and Nietzsche might begin. The first problem can be posed as a question: What is the “biology” to which Husserl refers in Appendix 23 of the Crisis (published in 1936) and which is set forth as the “universal ontology”? The second problem concerns embodied consciousness and its life-world. ...
10 Originary Dehiscence: An Invitation to Explore the Resonances between the Philosophies of Nietzsche and Merleau-Ponty
ONE OF THE most prominent connections between Nietzsche’s thought and the entire phenomenological enterprise lies in Husserl’s founding postulate that the thing-initself is an invalid concept. Although Husserl never formulates it explicitly, the development of phenomenology demonstrates the root of this invalidity: the thing-in-itself is a contradiction insofar as a thing is, by definition and by essence, always an object of perception. ...
11 Nietzsche and Merleau-Ponty: Art, Sacred Life, and Phenomenology of Flesh
IT HAS BEEN little remarked that Nietzsche’s Birth of Tragedy1 made Raphael’s magnificent painting of the transfiguration of Christ the “monogram” of Nietzsche’s account of the origin of tragedy and his philosophy of art. Moreover, since that work introduces us to the figure of Dionysus, who plays an increasingly definitive role for Nietzsche’s entire philosophy as it unfolds in the later writings, we can add more emphatically that ...
Part III. Subjectivity in the World
12 The Philosophy of the Morning: Philosophy and Phenomenology in Nietzsche’s Dawn
I THINK IT IS difficult for any commentator to declare with total conviction that he has got Nietzsche right in terms of identifying him with a single or specific philosophical movement or doctrine. My view is that naturalism, existentialism, phenomenology, and poststructuralism can all, with a degree of plausibility, claim themselves heirs to his thinking.1 Nietzsche is a thinker whose texts open up “possibilities,” and all these ...
13 Appearance and Values: Nietzsche and an Ethics of Life
IF WE TAKE phenomenology in a general sense to be concerned with “appearance,” Nietzsche’s philosophy offers a wealth of pertinent material. Yet the meaning of appearance in Nietzsche’s texts is not always easy to fathom. In this chapter I want to explore a “phenomenology of values” by coordinating Nietzsche’s complex approach to appearance with his critique of morality.1 ...
14 The Object of Phenomenology
“THIS UNIVERSAL A PRIORI of correlation between experienced object and manners of givenness,” Husserl confided two years before his death, “affected me so deeply that my whole subsequent life-work has been dominated by the task of systematically elaborating on this a priori of correlation.”1 The discovery of this universal a priori, which is none other than that of intentionality, signifies that every being, whatever its meaning, ...
15 Beyond Phenomenology
“BEYOND PHENOMENOLOGY”—WHAT SHOULD this expression mean? To begin with, what is phenomenology or what should we understand by the name, whose formation occurred so late? Through what movement, according to what logic, by virtue of what necessity should phenomenology be carried beyond itself? Moreover, what indeed ...