Cover

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pp. 1-3

Title Page

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pp. 4-4

Copyright Page

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pp. 5-5

Dedication Page

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pp. 6-7

Table of Contents

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pp. 8-9

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Introduction

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pp. 1-26

On the way to the new millennium, anthropology, still a young field, became prematurely forgetful. Anthropos almost vanished, crowded out by culture, the discipline's celebrated contribution to social science. That contribution has been valuable, but too imperious in its claim on human lives. This book, while reserving an important place for culture, ...

Part I: Meanings

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1. Has Culture Theory Lost its Minds?

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pp. 29-49

For most cultural anthropologists, the "native's point of view" remains the paramount object of ethnographic research. Nevertheless, interpretive and psychological anthropologists have come to envision the object differently. Positions on both sides of this blurry divide are varied and complex, but a sketch of ideal types is a useful point of departure.1 By ...

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2. Missing Persons

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pp. 50-62

History and anthropology continue to edge closer to each other. Culture, the anthropologist's stock in trade, has become an indispensable component of historians' accounts. For their part, anthropologists increasingly emphasize cultural change. Attuned to cultural relativism, they have readily made the further leap into historical relativism. One ...

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3. The Metropolis, the Globe, and Mental Life

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pp. 63-75

Big theories in social science often treat subjectivities as social realities, assigning them to a group, a social formation, or an epoch. Well-known examples of concepts designating suprapersonal subjectivities are Durkheim's conscience collective (1964 [1893]), Marx and Engels's versions of "consciousness" and "ideology" (1972 [1845-46]), and Foucault's ...

Part II: Politics

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4. The Hegemony of Discontent

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pp. 79-110

At the heart of Gramsci's notion of hegemony is his most vital insight: culture is political.1 For Gramsci (1971), hegemony springs not only from the explicit ideological, moral, and philosophical underpinnings of power but also from less fully conscious, transparent realms of thought-the experientially insistent world of common sense. This ...

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5. The Semantics of Dead Bodies

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pp. 110-125

Staring from the back page of my local Brazilian newspaper are the faces of the dead-bloated, crushed, streaked with blood. The photos invite unpleasant fantasies. They spur uneasy questions. Who is this? Who did that? How did it happen? Could this ever be me? Is this something I could ever do? ...

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6. Wild Power in Post-Military Brazil

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pp. 126-144

In 1985, civilians finally assumed control of the Brazilian government after more than two decades of military command. Like their counterparts elsewhere in the Southern Cone, the Brazilian generals, crusading in the name of anti-communism, had governed through arbitrary decrees and had sponsored outrageous violations of human rights ...

Part III: Identities

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7. Whose Identity?

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pp. 147-163

In a hybrid world, identity has paradoxically become a pressing popular and scholarly concern. The accelerated circulation of people, goods, and messages has kindled widespread anxieties. Unease over identity feeds ambivalent attitudes toward cosmopolitanism, ethnic mixing, immigration, standardization, international investment, and ...

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8. The Identity Path of Eduardo Mori

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pp. 164-191

Anthropologists tend to think of people as living "in" culture or "in" history. In this chapter I shift perspective to reveal culture and history in a person. I highlight the ways in which Eduardo Mori, a Brazilian of Japanese descent, engages and transcends social facts.1 In so doing, I seek to complicate our vision of the relation between persons and history and to suggest a fruitful approach to questions of identity. ...

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9. Do Japanese Brazilians Exist?

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pp. 183-195

In this final chapter I look at the significance of self and place for Moacir Aoki and Cesar Kawada, two Brazilians of Japanese descent living in Japan. Their stories suggest that it is misleading to refer to Japanese Brazilians collectively as "a diaspora." I further question whether people such as Moacir and Cesar should be regarded as 'Japanese Brazilians" ...

Notes

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pp. 197-212

References

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pp. 213-226

Index

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pp. 227-234

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 235-236

Two decades of research and thought have gone into this book. No one who publishes academic work can entertain the delusion of having more than a smidgen of originality. It is impossible to acknowledge the contributions of so many people to ideas so long in development. I am deeply grateful. ...