Slavery in American Children's Literature, 1790-2010
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Iowa Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
Thank you to the many people who have helped me in large and small ways as I worked on this project. To Schley Lyons, former dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and to the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, I am grateful for a Faculty Research Grant and a reassignment of duties leave that allowed me time to work on the manuscript in its early stages. ...
A Note on Usage
In 1619, after surviving capture and separation from their families, removal from their homelands, and forced transportation across the Atlantic, twenty Africans were sold to newly arrived colonists in Jamestown, Virginia. As the colonies developed, so too did slavery: by 1660, slavery was written into Virginia statute law and within little over a century later, ...
Chapter 1. Slavery Debates for Children, 1790–1865: Abolitionist Responses
One of the central humanitarian issues of the antebellum period, abolition was also one of the most divisive issues of its time. It was a topic, too, that found expression in a wide range of antebellum literature for children, from poems and magazines to novels and schoolbooks. ...
Chapter 2. Slavery Debates for Children, 1830–1865: Proslavery Responses
While “North” and “South” are commonly used shorthand markers for antebellum anti- and proslavery sentiment, neither unwaveringly fits its respective designation. As much as Northern abolitionists had varying commitments to immediate emancipation, there were also an uncounted number of Northerners who agreed with slavery ...
Chapter 3. Reconstructing Slavery, 1865–1919
Following the Civil War, three new amendments to the Constitution seemed to promise much: the Thirteenth abolished slavery; the Fourteenth guaranteed citizenship and equal protection under the law; the Fifteenth provided the right to vote (to black males). ...
Chapter 4. Conflicting Voices during the Harlem Renaissance Era, 1920–1950
Despite some forays into representations of diversity—such as Lorraine and Jerrold Beim’s picture book Two Is a Team (1945), which shows a friendship between an apparently African American and Anglo-American boy1—children’s literature booklists of mainstream publishers remained firmly entrenched in notions of white superiority during the first half of the twentieth century. ...
Chapter 5. The Civil Rights Movement and New Narratives, 1951–2010
With its decision in the Brown v. Board of Education case (1954), the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously overturned its earlier accommodation to “separate but equal” segregation, yet a decade later only little over two percent of African American children attended desegregated schools in the South (R. Kennedy 899). ...
In Eleanora Tate’s The Secret of Gumbo Grove, that Miss Effie recounts otherwise lost lives to young Raisin Stackhouse who writes them down as a recovered history argues the importance of memory, story, and historical reclamation. History, for Raisin, becomes personal and a means of making sense of her world. ...
Page Count: 302
Illustrations: 16 illustrations
Publication Year: 2013
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