The Child as Natural Phenomenologist
Primal and Primary Experience in Merleau-Ponty's Psychology
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Northwestern University Press
Flannery O’Connor wrote, “The fact is that anybody who has survived his childhood has enough information about life to last him the rest of his days” (1969, 84). To begin a book asserting the relevance of childhood for our understanding of the human condition seems trite. Of course, childhood greatly ...
List of Abbreviations
1. Early Work in Child Psychology
Merleau-Ponty’s philosophical commitments make it difficult to easily situate him. He evidently is committed to Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger’s work, but takes up a range of political inquiries and empirical research in the human sciences that are largely absent in their canonical philosophical texts. It is his inclusiveness that makes him a ...
2. Phenomenology, Gestalt Theory, and Psychoanalysis
This chapter will discuss the relationship between philosophy and psychology in the Sorbonne lectures to provide an introduction into the manner in which three theories—phenomenology, Gestalt theory, and psychoanalysis—shape Merleau-Ponty’s work. Merleau-Ponty argues for the relevance of ...
3. Syncretic Sociability and the Birth of the Self
The fi rst chapter provided a historical introduction to Merleau-Ponty’s work in child psychology by summarizing his pre-1949 comments on childhood. The second chapter introduced the Sorbonne lectures in child psychology and pedagogy by outlining the main theoretical influences of the ...
4. Contemporary Research in Psychology and Phenomenology
The spirit and practice of the Sorbonne lectures is to engage with a wide range of contemporary research. Thus it is fitting not only to summarize Merleau-Ponty’s lectures, but also to consider them in the broader context of contemporary discussions about the relevance of child experience for our understanding of ...
5. Exploration and Learning
When trying to understand the child’s intersubjective life, we must be careful to not overvalue intellectual, representational abilities in childhood since this highlights immaturity and reduces the child to a former adult state. Instead, we must approach childhood development with an open mind and be willing ...
6. Culture, Development, and Gender
If we take seriously the call to see our existential condition and the human sciences that study it—history, psychology, biology, sociology, anthropology—as relevant for a general philosophical understanding of ourselves, we cannot avoid turning to the question of cultural relativism. The conflict between cultural...
Conclusion: An Incomparable Childhood
Perhaps the argument that our primal experience is also historically primary is an ill-founded romanticism. Merleau-Ponty’s descriptions not only want to evoke this early element of human existence, but also want to “praise” childhood insofar as it reveals our true immersion in the world. What divorces us from our underlying syncretic ...
Page Count: 193
Publication Year: 2013
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