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The Militarization of Indian Country

Winona LaDuke with Sean Cruz

Publication Year: 2013

When it became public that Osama bin Laden’s death was announced with the phrase “Geronimo, EKIA!” many Native people, including Geronimo’s descendants, were insulted to discover that the name of a Native patriot was used as a code name for a world-class terrorist. Geronimo descendant Harlyn Geronimo explained, “Obviously to equate Geronimo with Osama bin Laden is an unpardonable slander of Native America and its most famous leader.” The Militarization of Indian Country illuminates the historical context of these negative stereotypes, the long political and economic relationship between the military and Native America, and the environmental and social consequences. This book addresses the impact that the U.S. military has had on Native peoples, lands, and cultures. From the use of Native names to the outright poisoning of Native peoples for testing, the U.S. military’s exploitation of Indian country is unparalleled and ongoing.

Published by: Michigan State University Press


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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 2-7


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pp. vii-9

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pp. ix-x

This book would not have been possible without a good number of friends and researchers. First, I want to acknowledge my staff and research associates at Honor the Earth: Tom Reed, Nellis Kennedy-Howard, Faye Brown and Luke Warner. Those who rose to the occasion to find obscure facts for us include Andrea Keller, Kai Bosworth, Kelly Morgan, Margaret Campbell ...

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Foreword by Cornel Pewewardy

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pp. xi-xiv

This book is about love. It’s a book about love for the Indigenous warrior, the Ogichidaa, both within oneself and throughout Indigenous history. In many ways this book is ancient because it reflects the most prestigious and influential books of sociopolitical strategies in the modern world, much like The Art of War was compiled well over two thousand years ago by a mysteri-...

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pp. xv-21

I begin my story at Fort Sill, a US Army post near Lawton, Oklahoma. Maybe because it is instilled in my memory as the place where Native men, women and even children were incarcerated—some for as long as 27 years—for the crime of being Apache. Incarcerated after having been starved into submis-sion, forcibly removed from their homelands and brought to this place. ...

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I. The Military and the People

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pp. 3-20

Ogichidaa is an Ojibwe word that loosely translates as ‘warrior,’ but the essence of the word is much deeper and more nuanced than the English. The word is perhaps better translated in the plural as Ogichidaag, which means ‘those who defend the people.’ Ogichidaa or Akicita is also a word shared between the Anishinaabeg and the Lakota, our “most honored enemies.”...

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II. The Military and the Economy

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pp. 21-30

The US military is preeminent on a worldwide scale, dwarfing the militaries of other nations; it maintains more than 700 army, navy and air force bases around the globe, and operates more large aircraft carriers than the rest of the world combined. To sustain such unparalleled force and global hege-mony requires a massive amount of money in continuous, ever-growing ...

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III. The Military and the Land

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pp. 31-74

...provides us with water. We, the people, are going to have to put our thoughts together, to save our planet here. We’ve only got one water, one air, one Mother Earth. Let’s take care of her and she will – Corbin Harney, Western Shoshone spiritual leader and peace activist. The US military is the largest polluter in the world. If one begins to consider ...

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IV. The Military and the Future

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pp. 75-84

The Bears were different. In times past, they were warriors, the still are. We are what we are intended to be when we have those three things that guide our direction- our name, our clan and our So here we are in the seventh generation and well into a new millennium. We face immense challenges ecologically, economically, socially and indi-...

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pp. 85-86


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pp. 87-92

E-ISBN-13: 9781609173777
E-ISBN-10: 1609173775
Print-ISBN-13: 9781938065002
Print-ISBN-10: 193806500X

Page Count: 110
Illustrations: 24
Publication Year: 2013

Edition: 2nd

OCLC Number: 867739800
MUSE Marc Record: Download for The Militarization of Indian Country

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Indians of North America -- Land tenure.
  • Indians of North America -- Government relations.
  • Indians of North America -- Politics and government.
  • Indigenous peoples -- Ecology -- United States.
  • Military-industrial complex -- United States.
  • Defense industries -- United States.
  • Environmental policy -- United States.
  • Environmental protection -- United States.
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