The Emergence and Development of the California Women's Movement, 1880-1911
Publication Year: 2000
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Series: Women in American History
This book has taken me a very long time to write. But I could not have written it at all without the support of many individuals, families, communities, and institutions. I am solely responsible for the mistakes, errors in judgment, and other failings, but everyone mentioned (and many more) helped make this book possible. ...
When California became the sixth state to grant women the right to vote in 1911, suffragists believed it marked a turning point for the national women’s movement. For the first time women had become voters in a state with a city, San Francisco, that mirrored eastern cities in size and immigrant working-class population. ...
1. The Politics of Women’s Work: Building the California Women’s Movement, 1880–93
In the 1870s a few extraordinary pioneers for women’s rights entered California’s political arena, demanding women’s enfranchisement. They based their demand on a fundamental principle: fathers and husbands should not vote for women; women must speak for themselves. ...
2. The Politics of Politics: The California Women’s Movement Emerges and Campaigns for Women’s Suffrage, 1893–96
From all parts of the country activists of the late nineteenth-century women’s movement—club women, temperance advocates, settlement workers, philanthropists, labor activists, and suffragists—went to Chicago in 1893 for the World’s Columbian Exposition, one of the great international expositions of the era. ...
3. The Politics of Altruism: Rebuilding the California Women’s Movement,1897–1905
For several years the 1896 suffrage defeat in California devastated the state’s su√rage movement. Suffrage organizations lost so many members that they were maintained by skeleton crews of stalwart souls. Other women’s groups were only minimally involved in public affairs. ...
4. The Politics of Good Government: The California Women’s Movement Helps Build Progressivism and Wins Suffrage, 1906–11
After 1906 afflluent men and women reformers began working together as political allies in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Earlier, the women had persuaded men to support their various urban reform projects, such as juvenile courts and playgrounds, but both men and women saw these as civic— not political—efforts. ...
Epilogue: The Politics of Women’s Citizenship
California women pursued citizenship to make themselves powerful. As they struggled to make their voices heard in the public arena, they changed their lives and created new definitions of the appropriate relationship between women and power. They created these new understandings by borrowing from older notions of gender, power, and politics. ...