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Natural Right and Political Philosophy
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Inspired by the work of prominent University of Notre Dame political philosophers Catherine Zuckert and Michael Zuckert, this volume of essays explores the concept of natural right in the history of political philosophy. The central organizing principle of the collection is the examination of the idea of natural justice, identified in the classical period with natural right and in modernity with the concept of individual natural rights. Contributors examine the concept of natural right and rights in all the manifold and interdisciplinary dimensions associated with the Zuckerts’ oeuvre. Part I explores the theme of natural right in the ancient and medieval political philosophy of Plato, Xenophon, Aristotle, and St. Augustine. Part II examines the early modern break from the classical tradition in the work of Montaigne, Spinoza, Montesquieu, Locke, and Hegel as well as the legacy of the modern natural rights tradition as explored by Leo Strauss and Pope John Paul II. Part III treats the theme of natural rights from the Puritans through the Founding period in such figures as Thomas Jefferson and Gouverneur Morris and up to the Progressive era with Booker T. Washington and Theodore Roosevelt. Part IV addresses questions of natural justice in literature, including works of Euripides, Cervantes, Shakespeare, Edith Wharton, and Tom Stoppard.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-1
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. 2-6
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. Part I: Classical Natural Right
  2. pp. 13-14
  1. Chapter One: Virtue and Self-Control in Xenophon’s Socratic Thought
  2. pp. 15-35
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  1. Chapter Two: The Complexity of Divine Speech and the Quest for the Ideas in Plato’s Euthyphro
  2. pp. 36-49
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  1. Chapter Three: Politics and Philosophy in Aristotle’s Critique of Plato’s Laws
  2. pp. 50-66
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  1. Chapter Four: Both Friends and Truth Are Dear: Aristotle’s Political Thought as a Response to Plato
  2. pp. 67-96
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  1. Chapter Five: Augustinian Humility as Natural Right
  2. pp. 97-114
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  1. Part II: Modern Natural Rights
  2. pp. 115-116
  1. Chapter Six: On the Treatment of Moral Responsibility in Montaigne’s Essays I.15–16
  2. pp. 117-131
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  1. Chapter Seven: Benedict Spinoza and the Problem of Theocracy
  2. pp. 132-152
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  1. Chapter Eight: Criminal Procedure as the Most Important Knowledge and the Distinction between Human and Divine Justice in Montesquieu’s Spirit of the Laws
  2. pp. 153-173
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  1. Chapter Nine: Personhood and Ethical Commercial Life: Hegel’s Transformation of Locke
  2. pp. 174-192
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  1. Chapter Ten: Reflections on Faith and Reason: Leo Strauss and John Paul II
  2. pp. 193-208
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  1. Part III: American Political Thought and Practice
  2. pp. 209-210
  1. Chapter Eleven: Locke, the Puritans, and America: Reflections on the Christian Dimension of Our Personal Identities
  2. pp. 211-234
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  1. Chapter Twelve: Thomas Jefferson, the First American Progressive?
  2. pp. 235-251
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  1. Chapter Thirteen: Gouverneur Morris and the Creation of American Constitutionalism
  2. pp. 252-276
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  1. Chapter Fourteen: The Presidency in the Constitutional Convention of 1787
  2. pp. 277-296
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  1. Chapter Fifteen: From Statesman to Secular Saint: Booker T. Washington on Abraham Lincoln
  2. pp. 297-321
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  1. Chapter Sixteen: Theodore Roosevelt on Statesmanship and Constitutionalism
  2. pp. 322-342
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  1. Part IV: Politics and Literature
  2. pp. 343-344
  1. Chapter Seventeen: Of “Demagogic Apes”: Euripides’ Democratic Critique of Democratic Athens
  2. pp. 345-360
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  1. Chapter Eighteen: The Inevitable Monarchy: Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar
  2. pp. 361-382
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  1. Chapter Nineteen: Preliminary Observations on the Theologico-Political Dimension of Cervantes’ Don Quixote
  2. pp. 383-399
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  1. Chapter Twenty: Custom, Change, and Character in Edith Wharton’s The Age of Innocence
  2. pp. 400-419
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  1. Chapter Twenty-One: “What’s wrong with this picture?”: On The Coast of Utopia
  2. pp. 420-430
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  1. Selected Publications by Catherine Zuckert and Michael Zuckert
  2. pp. 431-434
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 435-442
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 443-469
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  1. Back Cover
  2. pp. 482-482
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