Cover Page

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pp. 1-1

Title Page

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-9

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Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-x

This book has been a collaborative effort from the very beginning and draws on the research conducted by a dedicated, young and dynamic team. The mission of the Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies in the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) is to conduct research and produce policy-relevant analyses aimed at furthering awareness and building capacity to address NTS issues and challenges...

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List of Contributors

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pp. xi-17

Mely Caballero-Anthony is an Associate Professor and Head of the RSIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Until May 2012, she served as Director of External Relations at the ASEAN Secretariat. She is also a member of the World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Agenda Council on Conflict Prevention and Secretary-General of the...

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1. NTS Framework1

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pp. 1-14

Over the last two decades, the global security environment has changed dramatically. While the risks of major armed conflict and interstate wars are now on the decline (Human Security Centre 2005), the global community is increasingly confronted with security challenges emerging from a host of local as well as transnational threats which are primarily non-military in ...

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2. Health

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pp. 15-39

Health is one of the seven threat areas identified by Dr Mahbub ul Haq in the 1994 Human Development Report’s definition of human security, and restated by the 2003 UN Commission on Human Security. In the 1994 report, health security recognizes that in developing countries “the major causes of death are infectious and parasitic diseases” and most of these ...

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3. Food

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pp. 40-65

The global food price shocks in 2007/2008 have demonstrated the need to effectively address food insecurity in Southeast Asia — both at the national and regional level. This chapter goes beyond issues of supply and demand of food, and provides greater insight into the role of Human Security in understanding the issue of food security in a holistic ...

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4. Water

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pp. 66-84

Water is essential for all socio-economic development and for maintaining healthy ecosystems. As population increases and development calls for increased allocations of groundwater and surface water for the domestic, agriculture and industrial sectors, the pressure on water resources intensifies, leading to tensions, conflicts among users, and excessive pressure on the ...

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5. Natural Disasters

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pp. 85-117

Southeast Asia witnesses a number of natural disasters and did so through­out 2010, highlighting variable levels of national preparedness in dealing with disasters and illustrating the need for greater regional cooperation. This chapter looks at how governments in this disaster­prone region respond to The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) defines a ...

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6. Internal Conflict

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pp. 118-157

Asia is a region where internal conflicts continue to plague state and human security, despite the decline of interstate conflicts since the end of the Cold War. Moreover, studies on the patterns of internal conflicts have also been confined to armed insurgencies, secessionism and civil conflicts, while less attention has been given to other forms of internal conflicts such as religious ...

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7. Forced Migration

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pp. 158-204

Since 2008 there have been numerous reports in the international media of Rohingya, a Muslim minority group from Myanmar, attempting to escape to Thailand and Malaysia, via perilous boat journeys. After being “pushed back” by Thai authorities, there was pressure on ASEAN and the Bali Process for People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime, to ...

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8. Energy

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pp. 205-233

As East Asia rapidly develops, greater demands are being placed on governments to efficiently supply energy to sustain economic growth. Simultaneously, public awareness of environmental issues has placed new imperatives on energy planning. To meet these challenges, the concept of sustainable development must be incorporated into energy security strategies ...

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9. Transnational Crime

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pp. 234-266

Transnational organized crime is considered one of the major threats to human security, impeding the social, economic, political and cultural development of societies. Much attention has been given to the dynamics of professional criminal groups but little has been given to the existence of the markets in which they operate. This chapter argues that a focus on both ...

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10. Cyber Security

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pp. 267-289

The cyber-attacks on South Korea and the United States, as well as those on Georgia in 2008 and Estonia in 2007 have awakened a certain conscious-ness in the minds of the international community, particularly that of the security community. As if triggered by a sense of vulnerability, when these cyber-attacks managed to disrupt normal services, states were hard pressed ...

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11. Conclusion

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pp. 290-294

Throughout this book, the contributors have systematically engaged with nine non-traditional security (NTS) threats that face Asian states and societies today. These NTS challenges both in new and ongoing scenarios highlight the strengths and weaknesses of international, national and local responses to them. The different crises under investigation that confronted Asia point ...

Appendix

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pp. 295-298

Index

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pp. 299-349