Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents & List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Foreword

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pp. ix-xx

THE TRANSLATOR AND EDITOR of this book, Richebourg Gaillard McWilliams, belonged to a generation of Alabama scholars that linked the past and the present in personal as well as professional terms. Born to the traditions of a landed rural society, aristocratic by virtue of ancestry and education, passionately dedicated to their chosen professions, and imbued with a deep love of their state and all that its past represented to them, ...

Acknowledgments

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pp. xxi-xxii

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Editor’s Introduction

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pp. xxiii-xxxviii

IN LA TE SUMMER, I9 52, I am writing the preface to a book, the P

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Pénicaut’s Narrative

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pp. xxxix-xliii

Monsieur Dartaguiette Diron, King's counsellor, collector-general of the taxes of the district of Auch
Monsieur:--You have always been so kind to me that I can do no less than present to you this first manuscript copy of my narrative as a public mark of my very humble appreciation. ...

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1.The Years 1698 and 1699

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pp. 1-20

BEING BORN in La Rochelle,1 I was no more than fifteen years old when I had a great urge to go on a journey. To satisfy my desire, I was induced, when I was eighteen, to enter the service of His Majesty on board the Count de Surg

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2. The Year 1700

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pp. 21-49

WE WERE quite impatient for the return of M. d'Hyberville and were constantly out on the point before the fort keeping watch for him. Finally on Kings' Eve, 1700, we heard cannon-firing from Isle Surg

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3. The Year 1701

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pp. 50-59

WHEN SPRING came, we went to work at the copper mine; this was at the beginning of April of that year. We took with us twelve workmen and four hunters. The location of this mine was about three quarters of a league from our fort. ...

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4. The Year 1702

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pp. 60-69

NEAR THE beginning of spring in the year 1702, M. d'Hyberville arrived in Louisiana. He anchored at Isle Massacre; and as soon as he got there he came on to our fort upon the Mobile, which he found to be constructed very well; and two days later he sent workmen from Mobile to Isle Massacre to labor upon the construction ...

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5. The Year 1703

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pp. 70-79

AT THE beginning of this year, M. de St. Denis sent a letter to M. de Bienville informing him that M. de St. Cosme, a missionary priest, had come from Canada with three Frenchmen as far down as the Natchez1 and had set out from the Natchez to visit him at his post. ...

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6. The Year 1704

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pp. 80-97

At the beginning of this year M. de Bienville—having inspected the food in the warehouses and found no more than a four months' supply of flour—ordered M. de Bequancourt 1 to take the traversier with twenty men and go to Havana for food supplies. ...

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7. The Year 1705

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pp. 98-103

AT THE beginning of this year, a savage nation named the Tao

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8. The Year 1706

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pp. 104-113

AT THE beginning of this year, Dom Gusman, a Spaniard and the Governor of Fort Passacol for the King of Spain, came to our fort on the Mobile to visit M. de Bienville, who welcomed him with the firing of cannon and the discharge of muskets of the garrison, who had been put under arms. ...

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9. The Year 1707

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pp. 114-119

AT THE beginning of the year 1707, in the month of February, M. de Noyant,1 a commander, arrived at Mobile. He came on the ship named L'Aigle/ Besides that one, he had brought two other small vessels. This relief came in the nick of time; for there was no food at Mobile, and the garrison there was living entirely off game brought in my the neighboring savages. ...

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10. The Year 1708

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pp. 120-127

TOWARDS THE beginning of this year, in the month of February, M. Dartaguet,1, the Intendant-General of Louisiana, arrived with his brother on board the ship that was named La Renomm

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11. The Year 1709

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pp. 128-131

AT THE beginning of this year, Fort Mobile and the residents' settlement near the fort were so inundated by the overflow of the river that only high places were without damage.
MM. Dartaguet and de Bienville, seeing that, according to the accounts given them by the savages, we should often be in danger of such floods, ...

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12. The Year 1710

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pp. 132-135

THE NEW Fort Mobile on the seashore being finished and the living quarters built, all the furniture and merchandise were moved there in boats. Some raftlike structures were made, on which the cannon were put and, in general, all supplies and effects that were at the old fort. ...

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13. The Year 1711

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pp. 136-142

AT THE beginning of this year, several traders from Canada came down from the Cascassias Illinois with merchandise in peltries, which they brought to Mobile to barter. They gave letters to MM. Dartaguet and de Bienville from the Reverend Father Gabriel Marait,1 a Jesuit, ...

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14. The Year 1712

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pp. 143-157

TOWARD THE beginning of this year, M. de la Mothe de Cadillac1 and M. Durigo

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15. The Year 1713

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pp. 158-165

TOWARD THE beginning of this year, in the month of February, M. de la Mothe intrusted several packets of letters for M. de Croisat to M. de la Jonqui

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16. The Year 1714

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pp. 166-182

AS EARLY as February of this year, the fl

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17. The Year 1715

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pp. 183-195

M. DE BIENVILLE left M. Pailloux as commandant of Fort Roselie and M. de Tissenet as lieutenant and went down to Mobile to give an account of what he had done at the Natchez and, at the same time, to obtain munitions, food supplies, and merchandise to carry back to Fort Roselie. ...

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18. The Year 1716

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pp. 196-202

WHEN M. DE LA MOTHE received a letter from M. de Tissenet informing him that the Spaniards had come down to the Assina

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19. The Year 1717

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pp. 203-209

AT THE beginning of this year, on the ninth of March, three ships arrived from France at the Isle Dauphine roadstead, namely: Le Dudlot,1 commanded by M. de Gosseville;2 Le Pan,8 by M. Dussaut;4 and the frigate La Paix, by M. Jary.5 ...

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20. The Year 1718

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pp. 210-227

AT THE beginning of this year M. de Bienville returned to Isle Dauphine, leaving M. Pailloux as commandant at New Orleans to keep the construction work going. He reached an agreement with M. de l'

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21. The Year 1719

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pp. 228-236

IN FEBRUARY there arrived at the Isle Dauphine roadstead three ships from France named Le Comte de Toulouze, Le Mar

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22. The Year 1720

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pp. 237-248

AT THE beginning of this year M. Hubert, the commissary-general, left New Orleans, where he lived, to go up to the Natchez. At the same time he had eight boats taken there loaded with merchandise and his belongings. ...

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23. The Year 1721

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pp. 249-256

IN THE eighth of January of the year 1721, a fl

Bibliography

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pp. 257-266

Appendixes

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pp. 267-269

Index

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pp. 271-282