The Path to Cultural Complexity in the Gulf of Georgia
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Ottawa Press
Series: Mercury Series
Title Page, Copyright
This book examines prehistoric culture change in the Gulf of Georgia region of the Northwest Coast of North America during the Locarno Beach (3500–1100 BP) and Marpole (2000–1100 BP) periods. The Marpole culture has traditionally been seen to possess all the traits associated with complex hunter-gatherers on the Northwest Coast ...
Cet ouvrage porte sur les changements culturels préhistoriques de la région du golfe de Georgia, située sur la côte du Nord-Ouest d’Amérique du Nord, pendant les périodes Locarno (3500–1100 BP et Marpole (2000–1100 BP). La culture Marpole a traditionnellement été comprise comme possédant tous les attributs associés aux chasseurs-cueilleurs de la côte du Nord-Ouest ...
I wish to thank the myriad of people without whom this book would not have been possible. First, and foremost, my supervisor Dr. Gary Coupland, who has provided years of support and encouragement. I expect many great collaborations with Gary in the future. ...
Table of Contents
List of Tables
List of Figures
Chapter 1. Introduction
The Northwest Coast of North America saw the rise of several complex foraging cultures over the last 2500 years. Within this diverse group, the Marpole culture (2000–1100 BP) of the Gulf of Georgia region stands out as the most studied and oft-cited example of prehistoric huntergatherer complexity (Ames and Maschner 1999; Matson and Coupland 1995). ...
Chapter 2. Environmental Setting
The Strait of Georgia is the long narrow strip of water extending northwest-southeast, between mainland southwestern British Columbia and Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. More broadly, the Gulf of Georgia, as defined by Captain George Vancouver in 1792 (Roberts 2005), refers to all surrounding inland waterways and islands of the Strait of Georgia proper. ...
Chapter 3. Ethnographic Summary
The culture history of the Gulf of Georgia region shows strong continuities with the ethnographically described Coast Salish First Nations, suggesting that prehistoric populations were likely ancestral to modern Salish groups (Ames and Maschner 1999:249; Jorgensen 1969; Matson and Coupland 1995; Mitchell 1971b, 1990; Suttles 1990; Suttles and Elmendorf 1963). ...
Chapter 4. Culture History
From the earliest excavations in the Gulf of Georgia (Hill-Tout 1895; Smith 1903, 1907), over one hundred years ago, archaeology in the region has predominantly focused on reconstructing the past sequence of cultures. Though a noble goal, the focus on the creation of a culture history meant little attention was paid to larger anthropological questions. ...
Chapter 5. Methodology: Integrative Archaeology
Within the natural and social sciences there is currently a wave of renewed interest in the realm of spatial statistics (e.g., Johnson et al. 2005; Lai 2009; Lansing et al. 2007; LeSage et al. 2009; Pettorelli et al. 2005; Schillaci et al. 2009; Soininen et al. 2004; Spielman and Yoo 2009). From archaeology to zoology, there is a growing sentiment that the proximity of data points is meaningful and structures the results we measure. ...
Chapter 6. Data and Analysis
This chapter presents the results and interpretations of Integrative Distance Analysis (IDA) and related analyses of the data classes. It begins with an outline of data-collection procedures and moves on to discuss the primary data classes of artifact assemblages, faunal assemblages, and ethnographic languages. ...
Chapter 7. Discussion and Conclusion
In this book I uncovered several specific and general conclusions. In this chapter these conclusions are divided in three categories: the first concerns methodological issues, the second regards Gulf of Georgia culture history, and the third relates to the rise of social complexity during Marpole. ...