Who is my neighbor? As our world has increasingly become a single place, this question posed in the gospel story is heard as an interreligious inquiry. Yet studies of encounter across religious lines have largely been framed as the meeting of male leaders. What difference does it make when women’s voices and experiences are the primary data for thinking about interfaith engagement? Engendering Dialogue pursues this question with original work on women in mission, the secular women’s movement and women in interreligious dialogue today. These new sites of consideration provide fresh ways of thinking about our being human in the relational, dynamic messiness of our sacred, human lives. The first part of each chapter details the historical, archival and ethnographic evidence of women’s experience in interfaith contact through letters, diaries, speeches and interviews of women in interfaith settings. The second part of each chapter considers the theological import of these experiences, placing them in conversation with modern theological anthropology, feminist theory and theology. Thus, the insights offered in Engendering Dialogue come almost exclusively from listening to and culling the theological reflections from women across the faith traditions of the world. Grounded in women’s experience of motherhood, women’s struggle for rights and women’s interfaith friendship, this investigation offers new ways of conceptualizing our being human. The result is an interreligious theology, rooted in the Christian story but learning also across religious lines.