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Bioarchaeology of East Asia
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East Asia spans more than 10 million square kilometers. The human remains examined by the contributors in this volume date from the Early Neolithic (more than 12,000 years ago) to the Iron Age (up to AD 500).

Bioarchaeology of East Asia interprets human skeletal collections from a region where millets, rice, and several other important cereals were cultivated, leading to attendant forms of agricultural development that were accompanied by significant technological innovations. The contributors follow the diffusion of these advanced ideas to other parts of Asia, and unravel a maze of population movements. In addition, they explore the biological implications of relatively rare subsistence strategies more or less unique to East Asia: millet agriculture, mobile pastoralism with limited cereal farming, and rice farming combined with reliance on marine resources.

Diverse scholarly traditions--from China, Japan, Mongolia, Russia, Australia, and the United States--supply a constructive mix of conceptual frameworks and methodologies. Chinese-to-English translations make chapters available that might not otherwise be published outside of China. Ideas stemming from this collection will significantly boost collaborative work among bioarchaeologists and other scientists working in East Asia.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-1
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. 2-5
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xvii-xx
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  1. 1. Research on Human Skeletal Biology in East Asia: A Historical Overview
  2. pp. 1-27
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  1. 2. Human Ecology in Continental and Insular East Asia
  2. pp. 28-58
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  1. Part I. Biological Indicators of Population Histories in East Asia
  2. pp. 59-60
  1. 3. The Population History of China and Mongolia from the Bronze Age to the Medieval Period (2500 BC–AD 1500)
  2. pp. 61-84
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  1. 4. Mongolian Origins and Cranio-Morphometric Variability: Neolithic to Mongolian Period
  2. pp. 85-109
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  1. 5. A Nonmetric Comparative Study of Past and Contemporary Mongolian and Northeast Asian Crania
  2. pp. 110-124
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  1. 6. Tuberculosis and Population Movement across the Sea of Japan from the Neolithic Period to the Eneolithic
  2. pp. 125-143
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  1. 7. Biological Connections across the Sea of Japan: A Multivariate Comparison of Ancient and More Modern Crania from Japan, China, Korea, and Southeast Asia
  2. pp. 144-178
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  1. 8. Population Dispersal from East Asia into Southeast Asia: Evidence from Cranial and Dental Morphology
  2. pp. 179-210
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  1. Part II. Community Health
  2. pp. 211-212
  1. 9. Conflict and Trauma among Nomadic Pastoralists on China’s Northern Frontier
  2. pp. 213-245
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  1. 10. Stresses of Life: A Preliminary Study of Degenerative Joint Disease and Dental Health among Ancient Populations of Inner Asia
  2. pp. 246-264
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  1. 11. Dental Wear and Oral Health as Indicators of Diet among the Early Qin People: A Case Study from the Xishan Site, Gansu Province
  2. pp. 265-287
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  1. 12. Yangshao Oral Health from West to East: Effects of Increasing Complexity and Contacts with Neighbors
  2. pp. 288-322
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  1. 13. Life on the Frontier: The Paleopathology of Human Remains from the Chinese Early Imperial Taojiazhai Mortuary Site
  2. pp. 323-343
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  1. 14. Bioarchaeological Perspectives on Systemic Stress during the Agricultural Transition in Prehistoric Japan
  2. pp. 344-367
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  1. 15. Change in the Linear Growth of Long Bones with the Adoption of Wet-Rice Agriculture in Japan
  2. pp. 368-398
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  1. 16. Trauma and Infectious Disease in Northern Japan: Okhotsk and Jomon
  2. pp. 399-416
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  1. 17. A Paleohealth Assessment of the Shih-san-hang Site from Iron Age Taiwan
  2. pp. 417-443
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  1. 18. Trajectories of Health in Early Farming Communities of East Asia
  2. pp. 444-481
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  1. 19. East Asian Bioarchaeology: Major Trends in a Temporally, Genetically, and Eco-Culturally Diverse Region
  2. pp. 482-498
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. pp. 499-500
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  1. Index of Subjects
  2. pp. 501-509
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  1. Index of Archaeological Sites and Skeletal Collections
  2. pp. 510-512
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  1. Further Reading
  2. pp. 534-535
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