Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 1-6

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Figures, Tables, and Illustrations

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pp. ix-xii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xiv

Growing up in the Upper Ohio Valley, where the local economy had until recent decades depended on mining and steel, provided me with a rough education in the vagaries of employment. The boom time of the 1950s and 1960s gave way to decades when, for many, unemployment always lurked around the corner. ...

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1 - The Employment Act in Historical Perspective

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pp. 1-10

As the United States approached the middle of the twentieth century, it was undergoing a considerable change in its conception of the role of government and of the government’s responsibility for maintaining the economic well-being of its people. The Great Depression had shaken the country’s economic foundation ...

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2 - Federal Role in Employment Stimulation

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pp. 11-38

The ideas that the federal government should engage in employment stimulation and should ensure full employment are rooted in the experiences of the Great Depression. During the Depression, people were searching for solutions to the hard times that were occurring in America and elsewhere. ...

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3 - Press and Public Opinion Diverge

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pp. 39-68

In 1943, while President Roosevelt was meeting with Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill in Tehran, pollster George Gallup asked a sample of the American people what they thought would be the greatest problem facing the country from 1945 to 1949. The second most common answer was “peace,” offered by 13 percent of the respondents. ...

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4 - Senate Passes Full Employment

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pp. 69-96

The U.S. Senate took the lead on full employment legislation during the 79th Congress. The full employment bill that was introduced as Senate Bill 380 had its genesis not in the Special Committee on Post-War Economic Policy and Planning, but rather in a subcommittee of the Military Affairs Committee. ...

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5 - Opponents Take Aim in the House

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pp. 97-124

Observers of Congress frequently conclude that it is easier to obstruct bills than it is to enact legislation. Those opposed to a bill—even when they hold a minority opinion—can draw on an assortment of maneuvers that may potentially block action on a bill. ...

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6 - Socioeconomic and Political Forces

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pp. 125-138

The issues that defined the debate on the full employment bill are clear. The positions of most key leaders are also apparent. Indeed, the outcome of the legislative action on the full employment bill is now well known. The question that remains is whether legislators who favored a redefinition of the government’s role ...

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7 - The Employment Act of 1946

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pp. 139-162

The spirit was one of optimism as 1946 opened. The United States had defeated the powers of fascism and, in the process, had risen out of the Great Depression. Sacrifice and austerity gave way to pent-up consumer demand. People began having children at a rate that countered virtually a century of decline in the fertility rate. ...

Appendix A - Variables and Their Sources

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pp. 163-166

Appendix B - Scores and Indices

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pp. 167-172

Appendix C - Profiling Support for S. 380

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pp. 173-176

Appendix D - Profiling Support for H.R. 2202

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pp. 177-192

Appendix E - A Structural Model Approach

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pp. 193-200

Appendix F - Methodology and Research Design

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pp. 201-208

References

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pp. 209-220

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Author

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pp. 221-222

Ruth Ellen Wasem is a specialist in domestic social policy at the Congressional Research Service, U.S. Library of Congress. In that capacity, she has researched, written, and testified before the U.S. Congress on immigration and social welfare policies. Congressional committees and offices have released many of her reports, which are widely cited. ...

Index

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pp. 223-240

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About the Institute

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pp. 241-255

The W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research is a nonprofit research organization devoted to finding and promoting solutions to employment-related problems at the national, state, and local levels. It is an activity of the W.E. Upjohn Unemployment Trustee Corporation, which was established in 1932 to administer a fund set aside by Dr. W.E. Upjohn, ...