We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

Tackling Unemployment

The Legislative Dynamics of the Employment Act of 1946

Ruth Ellen Wasem

Publication Year: 2013

Wasem examines the impacts and implications of the Employment Act of 1946 and discusses how provisions of the Act might be useful for today's policymakers.

Published by: W.E. Upjohn Institute

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 1-6


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. vii-viii

Figures, Tables, and Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. ix-xii

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. xiii-xiv

Growing up in the Upper Ohio Valley, where the local economy had until recent decades depended on mining and steel, provided me with a rough education in the vagaries of employment. The boom time of the 1950s and 1960s gave way to decades when, for many, unemployment always lurked around the corner. ...

read more

1 - The Employment Act in Historical Perspective

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 1-10

As the United States approached the middle of the twentieth century, it was undergoing a considerable change in its conception of the role of government and of the government’s responsibility for maintaining the economic well-being of its people. The Great Depression had shaken the country’s economic foundation ...

read more

2 - Federal Role in Employment Stimulation

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 11-38

The ideas that the federal government should engage in employment stimulation and should ensure full employment are rooted in the experiences of the Great Depression. During the Depression, people were searching for solutions to the hard times that were occurring in America and elsewhere. ...

read more

3 - Press and Public Opinion Diverge

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 39-68

In 1943, while President Roosevelt was meeting with Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill in Tehran, pollster George Gallup asked a sample of the American people what they thought would be the greatest problem facing the country from 1945 to 1949. The second most common answer was “peace,” offered by 13 percent of the respondents. ...

read more

4 - Senate Passes Full Employment

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 69-96

The U.S. Senate took the lead on full employment legislation during the 79th Congress. The full employment bill that was introduced as Senate Bill 380 had its genesis not in the Special Committee on Post-War Economic Policy and Planning, but rather in a subcommittee of the Military Affairs Committee. ...

read more

5 - Opponents Take Aim in the House

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 97-124

Observers of Congress frequently conclude that it is easier to obstruct bills than it is to enact legislation. Those opposed to a bill—even when they hold a minority opinion—can draw on an assortment of maneuvers that may potentially block action on a bill. ...

read more

6 - Socioeconomic and Political Forces

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 125-138

The issues that defined the debate on the full employment bill are clear. The positions of most key leaders are also apparent. Indeed, the outcome of the legislative action on the full employment bill is now well known. The question that remains is whether legislators who favored a redefinition of the government’s role ...

read more

7 - The Employment Act of 1946

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 139-162

The spirit was one of optimism as 1946 opened. The United States had defeated the powers of fascism and, in the process, had risen out of the Great Depression. Sacrifice and austerity gave way to pent-up consumer demand. People began having children at a rate that countered virtually a century of decline in the fertility rate. ...

Appendix A - Variables and Their Sources

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 163-166

Appendix B - Scores and Indices

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 167-172

Appendix C - Profiling Support for S. 380

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 173-176

Appendix D - Profiling Support for H.R. 2202

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 177-192

Appendix E - A Structural Model Approach

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 193-200

Appendix F - Methodology and Research Design

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 201-208


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 209-220

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 221-222

Ruth Ellen Wasem is a specialist in domestic social policy at the Congressional Research Service, U.S. Library of Congress. In that capacity, she has researched, written, and testified before the U.S. Congress on immigration and social welfare policies. Congressional committees and offices have released many of her reports, which are widely cited. ...


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 223-240

read more

About the Institute

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 241-255

The W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research is a nonprofit research organization devoted to finding and promoting solutions to employment-related problems at the national, state, and local levels. It is an activity of the W.E. Upjohn Unemployment Trustee Corporation, which was established in 1932 to administer a fund set aside by Dr. W.E. Upjohn, ...

E-ISBN-13: 9780880994545
E-ISBN-10: 0880994541
Print-ISBN-13: 9780880994521
Print-ISBN-10: 0880994525

Page Count: 256
Publication Year: 2013

OCLC Number: 843532253
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Tackling Unemployment

Research Areas


UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Full employment policies -- United States.
  • Employment stabilization -- Law and legislation -- United States.
  • United States. Employment Act of 1946.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access