Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 2-7

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-9

List of Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-11

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xii

One does not successfully conclude a twelve-year scholarly journey without racking up a lot of debts. So it is with this project. First and foremost, this book would not have been possible without the generosity of the former employees of the Savannah River Plant/Site and of the residents of Aiken and Graniteville...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-9

Open any South Carolina highway map and you will find standard features—blue highways and roads, black railroad lines, dotted lines denoting county boundaries, red flags marking schools and hospitals, green parks and golf courses. Near the state’s western border, though, is a massive blank space labeled...

read more

One. “This Most Essential Task”: The Decision to Build the Super

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 10-29

It was routine. On September 3, 1949, a U.S. Air Force WB-29 flying east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Soviet Union on a secret detection flight picked up radioactivity in its filters. The suspect sample was sent to Tracerlab at the University of California at Berkeley, which confirmed a man-made device. For...

read more

Two. A Varied Landscape: Geography and Culture in the Savannah River Valley

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 30-47

Geography and environment played a critical role in bringing the new atomic weapons plant to western South Carolina. The temperature and purity of the Savannah River and the superior drainage qualities of the region’s sandy soil had rendered the area closer to ideal than any other location for this new...

read more

Three. “A Land Doomed and Damned”: The Costs of Militarization

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 48-74

Everyone knew there were strangers in their midst. In the late summer of 1950, residents of Ellenton, South Carolina, population 739, had spotted men surveying the land, boring into the earth, taking soil samples here and there. “What was their business?” locals asked themselves. Ellenton schoolteacher...

read more

Four. “Bigger’n Any Lie”: Building the Bomb Plant

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 75-106

Pondering the vast construction project under way in rural South Carolina, one local reporter speculated breathlessly on its engineering and technological implications as well as its historical meaning. “The Plant is a Clark Hill dam, a Panama Canal, an Egyptian pyramid, and television,” he wrote, “all rolled...

read more

Five. Rejecting the Garrison State: National Priorities and Local Limitations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 107-122

Between 1950 and 1953, nearly 40,000 temporary and 6,000 permanent employees and their families—almost 180,000 persons in all—poured into the relatively sparsely populated three-county region that played host to the Savannah River Plant (SRP). Many of these new residents chose to live close to...

read more

Six. “Better Living”: Life in a Cold War Company Town

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 123-146

Born in the Horse Creek Valley village of Graniteville in 1936, Ronnie Bryant’s life followed the pattern typical of most valley boys. His family worked in textiles, and he figured he would do the same when he became an adult. When he entered Leavell McCampbell High School in 1950, word came from...

read more

Seven. Shifting Landscapes: Politics and Race in a Cold War Community

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 147-169

From 1941 to 1948, Aiken County was represented in the South Carolina state senate by Fred Brinkley, a physician from the tiny town of Ellenton. In addition to being one of the town’s two doctors, Brinkley was also a part-time farmer and owner of the one of the town’s gristmills. A longtime resident of Ellenton,...

read more

Epilogue

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 170-176

The 1980s brought signifi cant changes for the Savannah River Plant (SRP). The partial meltdown of a reactor core at the Three Mile Island plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in 1979 created a climate of increased fear and trepidation regarding the nuclear power industry. Although it is considered the worst...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 177-204

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 205-219

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 221-226

Further Reading

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 227-240