Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Seriess Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

Much of the research was conducted at the National Archives, Library of Congress, Temple University, Harvard University, University of Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Historical Society, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the American Presbyterian Historical Society, the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, and the Library Company of Philadelphia. ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-9

In October of 2000, former U.S. ambassador to Greece Nicholas Burns, together with Athens mayor Dimitris Avramopoulos, rededicated the monument to the American philhellenes who fought for Greek independence that was first donated by the American Legion in 1930. Later that month the ambassador helped dedicate a new permanent exhibition in the U.S. embassy lobby ...

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1. The Culture of Hellenism

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pp. 10-24

Lord Byron’s acclaimed Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, published in 1812 with its detailed notes on contemporary Greece, deeply affected a number of American philhellenes, including a young twenty-one year old Boston linguist and scholar named Edward Everett. On completion of his studies at Harvard, Everett was inspired to make his own pilgrimage to Greece. ...

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2. The Cause of Liberty and Greece

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pp. 25-41

On March 25, 1821, after nearly four centuries of Ottoman Turkish rule, the Greeks of the Morea (Peloponnesus) rose in rebellion. As Americans watched the drama of the Greek revolution unfold, they recoiled in horror as Turkish armies devastated the Greek countryside, destroying villages and churches. ...

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3. The Cause of Freedom and Humanity

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pp. 42-56

In 1824, while public enthusiasm over the Greek Revolution was at its height, one of the last surviving heroes of the American Revolution returned to the United States. The Marquis de Lafayette’s visit in 1824–25 stirred the mystic chords of 1776. Americans welcomed him with balls and banquets and eulogized him in speeches, poems, and songs. ...

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4. Trojan Women

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pp. 57-70

It is true, that the principal obstacle to the regeneration of Greece was the dominion of the Turks over the country, and that this has been removed by the revolution; but everything remains to be done in the great work; and it is to be done too by means of education. If we would restore Greece to her ancient glory; ...

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5. The Devil’s Apostle

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pp. 71-91

Written a generation after the Greek war for independence, Pavlos Kalligas’s novel Thanos Vlekas offers an unflattering portrait of mid-nineteenth-century Greek society. A member of the Greek establishment, Kalligas deftly confronts the troubles plaguing the young nation. These include the endemic inefficiency of the state; the problem of how public lands would be apportioned; ...

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6. Cretan Days

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pp. 92-112

In the ancient legend this man-bull devoured annually seven youths and maidens, till Theseus, the king of Athens, slew the monster and freed his state. Today a worse than Minotaur is devouring its own people—not by annual sevens, but by daily hundreds and thousands. ...

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7. Brigands, Philhellenes, and Currants

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pp. 113-127

I suppose that ancient Greece and modern Greece compared, furnish the most extravagant contrast to be found in history. George I, an infant of eighteen, and a scraggy nest of foreign office-holders, sit in the palaces of Themistocles, Pericles, and the illustrious scholars and generals of the Golden Age of Greece. ...

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8. American Hellenes

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pp. 128-142

With the glory of ancient Greece and Byron’s romantic championship of the modern Greek in mind, one is shocked when he meets for the first time a representative of that people in the thrifty, good natured, and polite keeper of a fruit-stand or “shoe-shine parlor.” . . . The average American expecting every Greek to have the beauty of an Apollo and the ability of a Pericles, ...

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9. The Angel of Discord in Smyrna

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pp. 143-160

Of course all of us were brought up to believe that the Greeks or modern Greeks are simply the representatives of all the ancient Greeks meant to the world. This is so far wrong that probably everyone out here will agree that the Greek is about the worst race in the Near East. . . . I am holding no brief for any race in the Near East ...

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10. To the Truman Doctrine

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pp. 161-182

For many literary philhellenes, the extirpation of Hellenism in Asia Minor marked the end of the philhellenic legacy. As David Roessel writes, Greece became “the lost country for both the Lost Generation and the generation after that.” In the 1920s and 1930s few literary travelers made the pilgrimage to the hallowed land that their nineteenth-century counterparts had made. ...

Notes

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pp. 183-227

Bibliography

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pp. 228-247

Index

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pp. 248-256

Back Cover

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pp. 266-266