Cover

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pp. C-ii

Title

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pp. iii-iii

Copyright

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pp. iv-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Introduction

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pp. 1-16

In the first decade of the twenty-first century, Americans across the political spectrum have fiercely debated the costs and benefits of immigration. Lou Dobbs, Pat Buchanan, and others have declared that the recent wave of ‘‘new’’ migrants from Latin America and Asia are not assimilating into American culture. By contrast, they praise the eastern and southern European...

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Chapter 1 The Beginning of the Era of Restriction

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pp. 17-34

During the debate over immigration restriction in 1924, Representative Samuel McReynolds (D) of Tennessee declared, ‘‘This country can no longer be the melting pot for foreign nations. There was a time when that could be done, when conditions were different, but this time has long since passed.’’ Senator Arthur Capper (R) of Kansas, like many of McReynolds’s...

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Chapter 2 Contributionism in the Prewar Period

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pp. 35-58

During the 1930s, the growing tensions between the United States and Nazi Germany inspired many government agencies and private organizations to sponsor programs to improve attitudes toward recent immigrants. Breaking from the World War I-era Americanization campaigns, some involved with these efforts stressed the accomplishments and contributions of different...

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Chapter 3 The Quest for Tolerance and Unity

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pp. 59-84

In November 1942, Louis Adamic wrote an article in the New York Times Magazine titled ‘‘No ‘Hyphens’ This Time.’’ In this piece, Adamic commented on the lack of punitive action against recent immigrants during the war: ‘‘So far in this war—aside from the campaign against the Japanese group on the Pacific Coast, which was old-time exclusionism hitched to a...

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Chapter 4 How Much Did the War Change America?

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pp. 85-102

What impact did the combination of a war against racist enemies and cultural and educational campaigns promoting tolerance actually have on attitudes toward immigrants? Toward the end of the war, Yank, the Army weekly, used its open-forum section ‘‘The Soldier Speaks’’ to ask servicemen the question, ‘‘What changes would you like to see in post-war...

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Chapter 5 The Reemergence of Contributionism

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pp. 103-136

By 1950, the Cold War dominated American foreign relations and shaped the domestic political debate. A series of international events, such as the Czech coup of 1948 and the Soviet atomic bomb test in 1949, alarmed many Americans and prompted vigorous American policies to contain the USSR. When President Truman sent American troops to defend South...

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Chapter 6 The Cold War and Religious Unity

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pp. 137-160

In his book Protestant, Catholic, Jew (1955), sociologist Will Herberg declared, ‘‘The same basic values and ideals, the same underlying commitment to the American Way of Life, are promoted by parochial school and public school, by Catholic, Protestant, and Jew, despite the diversity of formal religious creed.’’1 He asked rhetorically, ‘‘After all, are not Protestantism,...

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Chapter 7 The Triumph of Contributionism

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pp. 161-190

During a congressional debate over immigration reform in September 1965, Robert F. Kennedy, now a senator from New York, decried the spirit of the times that produced the national origins quotas, saying, ‘‘the system was imposed during the postwar [World War I] crisis in Europe, when many in the United States feared that a continuance of unlimited immigration...

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Epilogue: ''How great to be an American and something else as well''

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pp. 191-204

By the mid-1960s, contributionism had emerged as a central theme in public discourse regarding immigration in the United States. The acceptance of contributionism, the idea that newcomers strengthened the American economy and culture while also accepting certain American norms, represented a significant shift from the mentality of the early years of the century,...

Notes

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pp. 205-242

Bibliography

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pp. 243-254

Index

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pp. 255-268

Acknowledgments

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pp. 269-270