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Native and National in Brazil

Indigeneity after Independence

Tracy Devine Guzmán

Publication Year: 2013

Native peoples and national belonging How do the lives of indigenous peoples relate to the romanticized role of "Indians" in Brazilian history, politics, and cultural production? ###Native and National in Brazil# charts this enigmatic relationship from the sixteenth century to the present, focusing on the consolidation of the dominant national imaginary in the post-independence period and highlighting Native peoples' ongoing work to decolonize it. Engaging issues ranging from sovereignty, citizenship, and national security to the revolutionary potential of art, sustainable development, and the gendering of ethnic differences, Tracy Devine Guzmán argues that the tensions between popular renderings of "Indianness" and lived indigenous experience are critical to the unfolding of Brazilian nationalism, on the one hand, and the growth of the Brazilian indigenous movement, on the other. Devine Guzmán suggests that the "indigenous question" now posed by Brazilian indigenous peoples themselves--how to be Native and national at the same time--can help us to rethink national belonging in accordance with the protection of human rights, the promotion of social justice, and the consolidation of democratic governance for indigenous and nonindigenous citizens alike. Tracy Devine Guzmán is associate professor of Latin American studies, Portuguese, and Spanish at the University of Miami.

Published by: The University of North Carolina Press


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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-7


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pp. vi-x

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pp. xi-xviii

The stories behind the stories that I share in this book begin and end with serendipity and with love. As a graduate student in the late 1990s, having spent many months mired in education documents in the archive of the Serviço de Proteção aos Índios (Indian Protection Service, or SPI), I happened upon an image of a young woman ...


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pp. xix-xx

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Introduction: Indians without Indigeneity: The Colonialist Renderings of the Present

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pp. 1-30

In a crowded theater decorated with giant animated figures, multicolored helium balloons, costumed musicians, and thousands of tiny, flashing lights, dozens of small children sing, jump, and wave colored flags and pompoms in the air. Behind them, a huge pink spaceship looms above stage. ...

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1. From Acculturation to Interculturality: Paradigms for Including through Exclusion

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pp. 31-62

On the indigenous post of Capitão Uirá, some 400 kilometers from the northeastern city of São Luis, a boy who had been given the Portuguese name Raimundo Roberto by local authorities penned a classroom assignment titled “Ditado” (“Dictation”) into his school notebook. ...

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2. On Cannibals and Christians: The Violent Displacements of Nation Building

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pp. 63-104

When Il guarany opened on 19 March 1870 at Milan’s Teatro alla Scala, the Brazilian composer Antônio Carlos Gomes could hardly have imagined that he was destined to become a national icon, or that the overture to his third European opera—a tale of Indians as cannibals and Christians—would one day be hailed as Brazil’s second national anthem.1 ...

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3. Anti-Imperialist Imperialism and Other Constructions of Modernity

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pp. 105-130

Images of the “Former International Reserve of Amazon Forest [sic]” (FINRAF) have been circulating as part of an Internet chain letter since the year 2000. Alleged to be an excerpt from a geography primer used in U.S. middle schools, the contentious message depicts the Amazon on a map of Brazil and neighboring countries ...

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4. Unraveling Indianist Hegemony and the Myth of the Brazilian Race

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pp. 131-158

Despite the fact that Native peoples account for less than 1 percent of the Brazilian population, “Indians” real and imagined have been key figures in intellectual and political debates over the meaning of Brazilianness since the zenith of romantic Indianism nearly two centuries ago. ...

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5. A Native Critique of Sovereignty: The Brazilian Indigenous Movement in the New Millennium

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pp. 159-194

“I can be what you are without ceasing to be who I am,” is a slogan that has been circulating in Brazil for over three decades. For the protagonists, collaborators, and sympathizers of the Brazilian indigenous movement, it is a well-worn mantra and manifesto. ...

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Epilogue: Postindigenism

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pp. 195-206

Despite the substantial, if sometimes conflict-ridden proliferation of indigenous self-representation, Alcida Ramos’s 1998 observation that the depiction of “Indians” by non-Indians tends to infantilize them at every turn could not be more crucial than it is today.1 ...

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Appendix: Final Document of the Conference of Indigenous Peoples and Organizations of Brazil

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pp. 207-210

We arrived in the Pataxó community in the municipality of Santa Cruz Cabrália, Bahia, on 17 April 2000. We have fulfilled our promise to retrace the paths of the immense invasion of our territories, which has lasted for 500 years. We are more than 3,000 representatives, from 140 indigenous peoples throughout the country. ...


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pp. 211-262


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pp. 263-300


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pp. 301-327

E-ISBN-13: 9781469608150
E-ISBN-10: 1469608154
Print-ISBN-13: 9781469602097
Print-ISBN-10: 1469602091

Illustrations: 35 illus.
Publication Year: 2013

OCLC Number: 843639642
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Native and National in Brazil

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Indians of South America -- Brazil -- Ethnic identity.
  • Indians of South America -- Brazil -- Politics and government.
  • Indians of South America -- Brazil -- Public opinion.
  • Indians in popular culture.
  • Public opinion -- Brazil.
  • Brazil -- Ethnic relations.
  • Brazil -- Politics and government.
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