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Lydia Bailey

A Checklist of Her Imprints

By Karen Nipps

Publication Year: 2013

Published by: Penn State University Press

Series: Penn State Series in the History of the Book


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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-7


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pp. 8-9

List of Figures

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pp. ix-11

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pp. xi-xiii

When I began my research on Lydia Bailey twenty-five years ago, the myth that women were not much involved in commercial letterpress printing during the handpress period was still relatively common. The contributions of such outstanding examples as Guyone Viart (wife of Johannes Higman...

Lydia Bailey: Mistress of Her Situation

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Setting the Stage

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pp. 1-9

The career of the printer Lydia R. Bailey spans the better part of the nineteenth century, a period when the printing trade was undergoing major changes. The extant material documenting her work includes almost a thousand imprints, seven manuscript workbooks, and miscellaneous contemporary printed and...

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The Early Years

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pp. 9-16

Lydia Bailey’s surviving business accounts are the primary tools for understanding how she responded to these circumstances, both immediately after her husband’s death and in subsequent years. The bulk of these accounts are in six volumes at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania and one at the American...

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The Trade

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pp. 16-21

All the printing Lydia did in 1813 was done for twenty- seven patrons. Nine were book publishers (Mathew Carey, Edward Parker, the Kites, Kimber and Richardson, Kimber and Conrad, T. and W. Bradford, Benjamin Busby, Johnson and Warner, and Samuel Jefferis), seven were municipal employees...

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pp. 21-26

The surviving workbooks Lydia kept demonstrate that her continued success was achieved through a blend of cautious initiative, an adherence to traditional values and familial ties, and a modern and flexible approach to business. A shift begins to occur in these books in the 1810s that reflects the changes in...

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Her Way

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pp. 27-34

Although Lydia Bailey probably knew how to set type and pull a press from her days as a printer’s wife, once her husband died, she took on the role of master printer. As the own er of a traditional printing office, she was a combination of manager, director, and parent. She was responsible for the monthly balancing...

Notes to Lydia Bailey: Mistress of Her Situation

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pp. 34-44

Checklist of Lydia Bailey Imprints

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pp. 45-46

Certain elements have been purposely omitted from the checklist. After much deliberation I decided not to include a detailed transcription of the transactions listed in Bailey’s journal for items found therein. This is intended as a checklist of the output of her shop, not as an opportunity for a study of the ways in which...

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pp. 46-68

Entries are listed chronologically by year of imprint and alphabetically by main entry (normalized) within each year. When an attribution to an anonymous work is certain or almost certain, the main entry appears in brackets; less certain attributions are mentioned in notes. The entries consist of a main entry...

Checklists and Bibliographies Cited

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pp. 47-48

Abbreviations and Location Symbols

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pp. 48-50

The Checklist

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pp. 51-257

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Appendix 1: Unlocated Imprints

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pp. 259-265

The preceding checklist includes only Bailey imprints that could be identified with certainty. Her journal (which goes up only to about 1820) contains entries for a vast number of printing jobs for which material is no longer extant or cannot be identified beyond a doubt. For example, in the first year...

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Appendix 2: Bailey’s Journal

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pp. 266-269

As is evidenced by the list of unlocated imprints in appendix 1, abundant information about Bailey and her operations can be uncovered in a close examination of her few extant workbooks. The following analysis of a single open- book spread from one of these books reveals some of their potential...

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Appendix 3: Names from Journal

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pp. 270-279

Names have been checked in Philadelphia city directories, and when directories have provided additional information on names or occupations, this information has been added. If a person was a part of the Bailey clan, through blood or marriage, the word “family” has been added in parentheses...

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Appendix 4: Primary Material Relating to Lydia Bailey

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pp. 280-281

Journal of business transactions, beginning with Robert’s business and continuing into the late 1820s. Progressively moves from recording just printing activities to the more general business of buying house hold supplies, supplying clothing to family members and workmen, and paying bills; this suggests that...


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pp. 283-310

Other Works in the Series, Back Cover

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pp. 334-335

E-ISBN-13: 9780271058221
E-ISBN-10: 0271058226
Print-ISBN-13: 9780271055718
Print-ISBN-10: 0271055715

Page Count: 336
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: Penn State Series in the History of the Book
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OCLC Number: 867739799
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Lydia Bailey

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Bailey, Lydia R., 1779-1869.
  • Women printers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Biography.
  • Printing -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- History -- 19th century.
  • Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Imprints.
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