Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-3

Title Page, Series Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 4-4

Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 5-6

Dedication Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 7-7

Table of Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-8

List of Figures

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. viii-9

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-xiv

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-12

Becoming Soviet Jews is a study of the acculturation process into the Soviet system as experienced by the Jewish population of Minsk during the interwar period, from the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 to the eve of the Hitler-Stalin pact of 1939. The book examines the dynamic encounter between pre-revolutionary Jewish life and the...

read more

1: Historical Profile of an Eastern European Jewish City

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 13-30

Home to Polish aristocrats and landlords, Jewish merchants and artisans, Russian- Orthodox and Uniate (Greek Catholic) merchants, and a small community of European Muslims, or Tatars, Minsk was located in the heart of Belorussia, the region enclosed by historic Russia to the northeast, Lithuania to the northwest, Ukraine to...

read more

2: Red Star on the Jewish Street

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 31-50

When the Bolsheviks began to municipalize private businesses across the city, the owners of the eighteen bookstores in Minsk (including one Judaica bookstore), petitioned the local authorities. They promised to follow Soviet instructions and apply “Soviet tenets” to the book business if the Bolsheviks returned the bookstores to the...

read more

3: Entangled Loyalties: The Bund, the Evsektsiia, and the Creation of a “New” Jewish Political Culture

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 51-80

During the NEP , the New Economic Policy inaugurated by Lenin in 1921, when less stifling restrictions were enforced on Soviet citizens, it was relatively easier to express publicly the commitment to specific aspects of Jewishness and balance them with the Soviet vision of universalism. At the end of the NEP , with the launching of the Cultural...

read more

4: Soviet Minsk: The Capital of Yiddish

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 81-111

Following the June 1919 decree, when the Bolsheviks selected Yiddish as opposed to the “clerical” Hebrew and the “bourgeois” Russian, as the official language of instruction for all Soviet Jewish schools,2 Yiddish became the preferred instrument of propaganda to reach the adult Jewish masses as well, and the ideal language of political, cultural...

read more

5: Behavior Unbecoming a Communist: Jewish Religious Practice in a Soviet Capital

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 112-144

Situated between the Low Market and Cathedral Square, and home to numerous pre-revolutionary Jewish religious and communal institutions, the Jewish quarter of Minsk, also known as Nemiga, was the arena of a violent clash in the spring of 1922. The conflict broke out between two factions of the local Jewish population. On one side...

read more

6: Housewives, Mothers, and Workers: Roles and Representations of Jewish Women in Times of Revolution

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 145-175

The study of the roles and representations of Jewish women in the cultural, social, and political settings of modern Eastern Europe has been confined to tsarist Russia and interwar Poland. This chapter recreates the composite picture of the lives of Soviet Jewish women, explaining their choices and beliefs under Bolshevik rule and balancing them against the experiences and voices of their gender counterpart...

read more

7: Jewish Ordinary Life in the Midst of Extraordinary Purges: 1934–1939

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 176-210

Between 600,000 and 2,000,000 Soviet citizens lost their lives in Stalin’s terror campaign and witch hunt for “enemies, saboteurs, spies, and bourgeois-nationalists.”3 The political repression targeted first of all Communist Party members, government officials, and Red Army leaders who, accused of conspiring with capitalist countries...

read more

Conclusion

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 211-216

This book has attempted to evaluate the development of Jewish collective and individual existence in a Soviet (Jewish) city during the interwar period. Soviet Jews did not emerge abruptly from a sudden rupture generated by the Bolshevik Revolution. In fact, many trends were at work before 1917 and were intensified by the revolution. A...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 217-252

Selected Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 253-268

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 269-276

About the Author

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 292-292