Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Tables

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p. vii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Acknowledgments customarily begin with mention of the professional support that has contributed to a project, and they typically end with recognition of those most central to an author’s personal life. By no means do I intend to downplay the importance of those who have read and offered comments about this argument or the research...

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Introduction: Now that We’re Civic

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pp. xi-xx

It may seem strange to begin and end a book about eighteenth-century American rhetoric, politics, and pedagogy with an extended reflection on contemporary education. After all, history is, as Aristotle tells us, about the past. This introduction proposes, however, that history deals with what was and with what can be. It is factual and poetical. This...

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1. One Republic, Many Republicanisms: Early American Political Discourse and Publicity

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pp. 1-35

Given the impact that republican political discourse had on early American public argument, and given the hegemonic articulations among dominant rhetorical norms, a common political discourse, and a variety of rhetorical pedagogies, it is fitting to begin a study of eighteenth-century rhetorical education not with education at all but with two...

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2. One Republic, Many Paideiai: Political Discourse, Publicity, and Education in Early America

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pp. 36-78

Since the ancient Greeks, education has often been tied to the dissemination of civic virtue in a prosperous republic. In his “Areopagiticus” (355 BCE), Isocrates argued that the fate of Athenian society lay in its ability to teach citizens the virtue of private sacrifice for the public good. He said the properly educated citizen would “not regard a charge...

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3. Yale 1701–1817

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pp. 79-134

In 1700, Connecticut was largely filled with farming communities led by church elders. Though there were strict social distinctions, people’s lives were marked by economic austerity and common piety. By 1800, commerce had crept into even the most remote corners of Connecticut life. Markets not only affected every endeavor, but some people made their...

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4. King’s College/Columbia and the College of Philadelphia/University of Pennsylvania, 1754–1800

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pp. 135-176

In 1794, Timothy Dwight looked at the small New England town of Greenfield Hill, its uniformity of manners, its austerity, its bucolic humility, and its abstemious commerce. This was his vision for a new republic, and it stands in stark contrast to what Jacob Duché witnessed through the panes of his Philadelphia window just twenty years prior: “Whilst...

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5. The College of New Jersey, 1746–1822

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pp. 177-205

Contemporary scholars dedicated to reviving a republican tradition in rhetoric have found their historical hero in John Witherspoon, once president and professor of rhetoric and moral philosophy at the College of New Jersey (1767–95) (T. Miller, “Witherspoon”; Clark and Halloran). In their narratives, Witherspoon appears as a laudable ancestor...

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Conclusion: We Are All Republicans

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pp. 206-217

On March 4, 1801, after winning a narrow victory in an acrimonious presidential election, Thomas Jefferson delivered his first inaugural address, which, in the spirit of reconciliation, included the following, now famous statement: “We have called by different names brethren of the same principle. We are all republicans—we are all federalists.” Of course,...

Notes

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pp. 219-237

Works Cited

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pp. 239-262

Index

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pp. 263-266