Cover

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pp. C-C

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xiv

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Introduction: From Hudson to Penn

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pp. 1-13

We begin with two voyagers to the Delaware Bay, one at the start of the seventeenth century, the other at its finish.
The first was Henry Hudson, “an Englishman late of London,” who cruised into the bay on a warm, clear day late in August 1609.1 Over the two previous summers he had sailed in “the company of our troublesome neighbours, Ice with fogge,” searching for a way through the Arctic to China. First the...

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1. Claiming Hudson and His Discoveries

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pp. 14-34

In his 1612 account of Henry Hudson’s two voyages to North America, Hessel Gerritsz remarked that the English navigator’s first voyage in 1609 had achieved “nothing memorable.”1 Not all of Gerritsz’s own contemporaries were so dismissive, but the Dutch chronicler had a point. Giovanni Verrazzano and doubtless several other European explorers had already visited...

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2. Cosmopolitan Patriotism and the Founding of New Sweden

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pp. 35-63

Since the 1590s Willem Usselincx had tried, and failed, to win a charter for a trading company that would turn the wealth of the Atlantic basin to patriotic purposes. In pamphlets and memorials he wrote by the dozen, he claimed his company would produce profits for its investors, promote industry and employment, bring Protestant Christianity to the Americas, and...

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3. Good Friends and Doubtful Neighbors

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pp. 64-109

At the end of April 1623 the tulips were blooming, and Willem Usselincx was at The Hague trying to take credit, and receive payment, for his contributions to the Dutch West India Company. Holland’s bloemisten had reason to be excited—a bulb called “Semper Augustus” had just sold for one thousand guilders. “No tulip was ever more esteemed,” Nicolaes van Wassenaer wrote...

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4. Rebels and Good Swedish Men

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pp. 110-147

On March 11, 1644, the Fama reached New Sweden after ten weeks at sea. Rumbling in its hold was the colony’s future, packed and crated: 6,000 bricks, a ton of lime, 3 saws, 2 millstones, 8 grindstones, 2 stones for a hand mill, 5 anchors, 6 pumps, 20 augers, 4 compasses, 250 copper kettles, 200 barrels of flour, 20 barrels of salt, 10 casks of wine, a cask of brandy, several hundred ...

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5. The Swedish Nation on the South River

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pp. 148-177

Jean Paul Jacquet arrived in New Netherland in early 1655. He was new to the colony but not to the West India Company, which he had served “in Brazil for many years.” Now, since becoming a freeman, the former soldier hoped to “devote himself . . . to farming.” WIC officials in Amsterdam urged New Netherland’s governor to assist Jacquet “as much as possible” and to assign...

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6. From Conquest to Consent

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pp. 178-200

The father has the look of a man who was a “Master of his Art, both as a Seaman, and as a General.”1 At his hip he wears a sword; in his right hand he cradles a baton. His left hand gestures toward a ship edging its way out of the frame. For twenty-five years he has served in the English navy. His service has brought him plaudits and punishment; the careworn expression reveals the ...

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Epilogue: From Logan to Franklin

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pp. 201-216

Pehr Kalm had traveled the road to Germantown once before. His guide then, in September 1748, had been Peter Cock, a Swedish-born merchant who lived in Philadelphia. During their autumn ride, Kalm had marveled at the farms that lined the wooded road, each boasting an orchard thick with fruit and cornstalks “six to ten feet high . . . covered with fine green ...

Notes

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pp. 217-254

Index

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pp. 255-265