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Myths of Demilitarization in Postrevolutionary Mexico, 1920-1960
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Exposing the power of the Mexican army At the end of the Mexican Revolution in 1920, Mexico’s large, rebellious army dominated national politics. By the 1940s, Mexico’s Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was led by a civilian president and claimed to have depoliticized the army and achieved the bloodless pacification of the Mexican countryside through land reform, schooling, and ###indigenismo#. However, historian Thomas G. Rath argues, Mexico’s celebrated demilitarization was more protracted, conflict-ridden, and incomplete than most accounts assume. Civilian governments deployed troops as a police force, often aimed at political suppression, while officers meddled in provincial politics, engaged in corruption, and crafted official history, all against a backdrop of sustained popular protest and debate. Using newly available materials from military, intelligence, and diplomatic archives, Rath weaves together an analysis of national and regional politics, military education, conscription, veteran policy, and popular protest. In doing so, he challenges dominant interpretations of successful, top-down demilitarization and questions the image of the post-1940 PRI regime as strong, stable, and legitimate. Rath also shows how the army’s suppression of students and guerrillas in the 1960s and 1970s, and the more recent militarization of policing, have long roots in Mexican history. Thomas Rath is lecturer in the History of Latin America, University College London.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. C-C
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Abbreviations
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. CHAPTER ONE: Antimilitarism and Revolution in Mexico
  2. pp. 13-30
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  1. CHAPTER TWO: Cardenismo, Revolutionary Citizenship, and the Redefinition of Mexican Militarism, 1934–1940
  2. pp. 31-53
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  1. CHAPTER THREE: Heaven Gave You a Soldier for Every Son: Conscription and Resistance in Mexico in the 1940s
  2. pp. 54-80
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  1. CHAPTER FOUR: Civilianism and Its Discontents: Officers, Politics, and the PRI
  2. pp. 81-114
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  1. CHAPTER FIVE: Military Policing and Society in Mexico, 1940–1960
  2. pp. 115-143
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  1. CHAPTER SIX: The Army, Veterans, and the Historical Memory of the Revolution
  2. pp. 144-166
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  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 167-172
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 173-216
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 217-236
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 237-244
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