Cover Page

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pp. 1-1

Title Page

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-9

List of Figures

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pp. ix-x

List of Tables

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pp. xi-xii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-17

The work described here is part of a larger research project, centered at the University of Virginia under the direction of Jeffrey Hantman and focused on the archaeology and ethnohistory of the Monacan Indians andtheir ancestors in interior Virginia. I am grateful to Jeff Hantman who first suggested I study the Bioarchaeology of Rapidan Mound and who has...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-5

Though its starting point is death, the real focus of this study is the life of late prehistoric Native American peoples of interior Virginia. This region was at the crossroads of some of the most fascinating cultural devel-opments of late prehistoric North America. To the west and south were the centers of the Mississippian chiefdoms, with large earthen mounds, hier-...

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1. From Jefferson to Jamestown: Monacan History through English Eyes

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pp. 6-30

Virginia mound archaeology has a well-known starting point: Thomas Jefferson’s late-eighteenth-century excavation of a burial mound near his home at Monticello (Jefferson 1954). Unlike many who came after him,Jefferson recognized the connection of contemporary Native Americans to the mound he excavated. In Notes on the State of Virginia, written in the...

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2. Virginia Burial Mounds

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pp. 31-63

At least 13 accretional earthen and earth-stone burial mounds were constructed and used in interior Virginia during the eleventh through the fifteenth centuries (and possibly later). These sites (Figure 2.1), which help define the Late Woodland period in interior Virginia, were originally labeled the “Lewis Creek Mound Complex” by MacCord (1986) and are also...

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3. The Bioarchaeology of Middle Range Societies

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pp. 64-79

Late Woodland interior Virginia provides a particularly interesting case study for the examination of regional dynamics of social complexity and the emergence of systems of social and political inequality. There is little doubt of the existence of such systems on the coast of Virginia, at least by the late sixteenth century when historical documents describe the Pow-...

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4. Bioarchaeological Analysis: Skeletal Inventory, Subsistence and Health Patterns, and Mortuary Activity

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pp. 80-121

In this chapter the bioarchaeological evidence for subsistence and health patterns in the Virginia mound burial populations is presented. Given the well-established synergy between disease and nutrition, it is impossible and undesirable to separate fully a consideration of paleo nutrition from health. The first section of this chapter describes the skeletal remains for...

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5. From Measurements to Meaning: Monacan History through Monacan Bones

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pp. 122-136

The subject of this study has been patterns of subsistence and health over several hundred years in late prehistoric interior Virginia. Beginning with a series of general questions about the ways in which patterns of subsistence and health operate in so-called middle range societies and the ways in which these patterns might change with the emergence of more formal-...

Bibliography

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pp. 137-156

Index

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pp. 157-160