The Role of Women in the Founding of Americanist Archaeology
Publication Year: 2013
This meticulously researched reference work documents the role of women who contributed to the development of Americanist archaeology from 1865 to 1940. Between the Civil War and World War II, many women went into anthropology and archaeology, fields that, at the beginning of this period, welcomed and made room for amateurs of both genders. But over time, the increasingly professional structure of these fields diminished or even obscured the contributions of women due to their lack of access to prestigious academic employment and publishing opportunities. As a result, a woman archaeologist during this period often published her research under her husband’s name or as a junior author with her husband.
In Cultural Negotiations archaeologist David L. Browman has scoured the archaeological literature and archival records of several institutions to bring the stories of more than two hundred women in Americanist archaeology to light through detailed biographies that discuss their contributions and publications. This work highlights how the social and cultural construction of archaeology as a field marginalized women and will serve as an invaluable reference to those researchers who continue to uncover the history of women in the sciences.
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Series Editors’ Introduction
David Browman has produced an invaluable reference work for practitioners of contemporary Americanist archaeology who are interested in documenting the largely unrecognized contribution of generations of women to its development. Meticulous examination of the archaeological literature...
This volume concerns cultural negotiations by women in the United States as they sought to secure access to training and jobs in Americanist archaeology as the discipline emerged. I use the term “Americanist archaeology” to delimit archaeology done in the Americas, not archaeology done by Americans...
1. Women of the Period 1865 to 1900
In this chapter, I deal with the contributions of nearly three dozen women who contributed to Americanist archaeology prior to 1900. While some of these women were very much into actual archaeological fieldwork, many more were constrained by the ethos of the period and were involved more in support...
2. New Directions in the Period 1900 to 1920
With the successful introduction of anthropology into American universities, courses began to be offered regularly for male students and occasionally for female students. The first programs in anthropology had begun at Harvard, Chicago, and Pennsylvania at about the same time in the late nineteenth...
3. Women Entering the Field during the “Roaring Twenties”
A significant change in involvement and opportunities occurred after the mid-1920s, with the beginning of regular training of women alongside men, both in graduate schools, such as at Harvard University, and in field schools, such as sponsored by the University of New Mexico. From the beginning...
4. Women Entering Archaeology, 1930 to 1940
In the 1930s female graduate students, in addition to other female researchers, began to come into a continued significant presence in Americanist archaeology. Prior to the professionalization of the discipline, when there were no institutions granting degrees in anthropology or archaeology...
This volume incorporates explicit research on the status of women in Americanist archaeology. Alison Wylie (2001:23) asks, “What difference has feminism made to archaeological research?” and responds that among other issues, there is an emerging subfield of gender archaeology, involving archaeological...