Cover

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pp. C-ii

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. iii-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-15

THE LIFE OF Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodoms Senator (4-85/90-ca. 580), best known simply as Cassiodoms, epitomized the age of transition in which he lived. One foot rested in the ancient past, for Cassiodoms had impeccable credentials as a late Roman aristocrat. While still a young man,...

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1. Calumny: Well-Known Reasons Why Justice Fails

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pp. 16-43

CHRISTIANS EXPERIENCED JUSTICE the same as everyone else in the ancient and medieval worlds. For ordinary people, this meant that the laws that protected them could also cause them injury if the laws were manipulated by crafty people, perverted by corrupt officials, or bungled by inept judges. For administrators ofjustice, including lawmakers and judges in the church,...

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2. "Judge like God": What Bishops Claimed to Expect of Themselves

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pp. 44-76

CHRISTIAN LEADERS CRAFTED THEIR AUTHORITY around the promise of justice. Bishops' social background, elite culture, and ascetic discipline were all important factors in the formation of their image as religious leaders, and all ofthese have been well treated in recent scholarship. Here, however,...

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3. Christian Oaths: A Case Study in Practicality over Doctrine

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pp. 77-104

ALTHOUGH POPULAR RESPONSES to intellectual and institutional developments are difficult to trace, we are able to reconstruct the demands that led one famous church leader to bend his ideology to accommodate social reality. Here Augustine of Hippo's attitudes toward the swearing of oaths is examined over the course of his long career as a bishop. During this...

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4. Mercy Not Justice: How Penance Became a Worthy Act of Self-Incrimination

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pp. 105-134

JUSTICE WAS A LONG PROCESS whose outcome no one could be certain of surviving until the final verdict was rendered. This chapter will argue that some pastors shaped the practice of penance, the means by which Christians atoned for sins and sought redemption, around the mandate that Christians become their own judges. While bishops remained the watchmen ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 135-138

"IDEOLOGY HAS CONFRONTED REALITY, and ideology has bent." So a modern political analyst commented on the "exhaustion of power" within a contemporary presidential administration whose ideological convictions, he believed, had fouled its effectiveness.1 One and a half millennia ago, bent....

List of Abbreviations

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pp. 139-142

Notes

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pp. 143-196

Bibliography

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pp. 197-226

Index

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pp. 227-232

Acknowledgments

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pp. 233-233