Cover

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pp. C-C

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Maps and Photographs

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pp. ix-x

Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

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Introduction

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pp. 1-6

The author of the diary that follows, a Boston lawyer by name of Pierpont L. Stackpole, who was commissioned a major and promoted to lieutenant colonel during American participation in World War I, 1917–1918, was, properly speaking, an aide to the generals of the American Expeditionary Forces, the AEF, during that great conflict. He...

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1. Beginnings

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pp. 7-25

In the dark winter of 1917–1918, the AEF did not amount to much. During previous months, from the time early in May when Pershing and a small contingent of officers came from the United States, only three divisions— the First, Twenty-sixth, and Forty-second—followed. A fourth, the Second, was put together from miscellaneous units that had come over. All...

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2. Preparation

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pp. 26-38

Time was running short by early February 1918, for on the singular day, November 11, 1917, the Germans had decided on Operation Michael, the attack scheduled for March 21. The Americans needed to establish more corps headquarters, in preparation to receive the cantonment divisions—for at the beginning of the year the British government had...

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3. Crisis—for the Anglo-French

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pp. 39-52

When the dozens of German divisions attacked, they by chance struck in a weak place. Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig had been listening to French complaints for months that the French army held more front line than did the British, and so had arranged for his Fifth Army—the British had four army organizations in France—to take over thirty miles of line....

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4. Giving Advice

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pp. 53-65

As the AEF began to take on proportions, what with appearance of such divisions as the Thirty-second, its complexity really required more advice, and the individual divisions needed help too, for, as General Haan said of his own Thirty-second, the men were all right but the officers hardly knew what to do. In some sense the officers, wearing proudly their new overseas ...

Photo Section

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pp. 66-83

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5. To Soissons

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pp. 84-102

The crisis for the British and French armies on the western front began March 21 with the opening offensive of the enormous German attack, and the latter ran on through four more attacks—lunges—until the fifth that began July 15 and ended in failure the next day. The fourth offensive toward Soissons had taken this sizable French city and had much confused...

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6. Aisne-Marne I

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pp. 103-112

The follow-up of the battle of Soissons was the Aisne-Marne offensive, and the individual who had to advance the action of I Corps was Liggett; his instruments for advance were appallingly weak, namely, the Twenty-sixth Division and a French division. All this was under the command of Degoutte, a suitable enough general but no assistance in pushing Edwards, who was...

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7. Aisne-Marne II

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pp. 113-128

When the last of the German attacks failed one day after it began, July 15–16, the Allies and Americans began to force the German army back over a series of rivers from the Marne to the Aisne, and this effort required weeks, through most of August. American casualties were heavy because officers and men were without experience, save for the counterattack toward...

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8. St. Mihiel

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pp. 129-139

Ever since the AEF chose the Lorraine sector for its portion of the line from the Channel to Switzerland—the Belgians at the top, British next, then French—Pershing and his staff looked forward to attacking the German fortress of Metz, and when the American commander in chief organized the First Army from the incoming cantonment divisions from the...

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9. Attack in the Meuse-Argonne

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pp. 140-154

The Meuse-Argonne opened on September 26, 1918, and lasted until the armistice, November 11. It was the largest battle in American history; 1.2 million men took part. It was also the deadliest; twenty-six thousand men were killed or died of wounds. Casualties altogether were about one hundred thousand....

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10. Second Attack

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pp. 155-165

John J. Pershing probably was not much of a strategist—otherwise he would not have followed the St. Mihiel attack two weeks later with the Meuse-Argonne. And as the latter battle developed, he showed he was not much of a tactician. When an attack failed, his favorite tactic was to try again. The second attack by the AEF, October 4, 1918, failed almost as...

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11. Third Attack

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pp. 166-179

At last Liggett received the command for which he was so eminently fitted, together with the three-star rank that made him one of the two lieutenant generals in the AEF. Bullard, given command of Second Army, had the task, unlike Liggett, of putting together a staff, gathering a few divisions that already were across the Meuse, and attempting to capture the heights next...

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12. Fourth—and Victory

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pp. 180-192

The surprise of World War I, except possibly to sophisticates such as Lieutenant General Hunter Liggett, was the suddenness with which it ended. Liggett, of course, was devoting his days to planning for a German defeat, and from his confidence Stackpole, his aide, could see decision replacing confusion, a good sign that something might be taking place that would ...

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Epilogue

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pp. 193-194

After the war, in 1925 and 1928, Liggett was the author of two books about the war, Commanding an American Army and A.E.F.: Ten Years Ago in France. The first was written by Stackpole, the second by a Saturday Evening Post writer. After serving as commander of the IX Corps Area with headquarters at the Presidio in San Francisco, the general retired...

Bibliography

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pp. 195-202

Index

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pp. 203-209

Back Cover

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pp. BC-BC