Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-x

African American officeholders dependent upon either white leadership or votes face a threshold of how much tolerance Caucasians would have regarding race. When minority politicians cross the imaginary line by showing too much interest in what whites will tend to interpret as pandering to African American causes and interests, a loss of white support results in most cases. In other ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

For fear of overlooking valuable contributors, the task of thanking helpful per-sons is always a risky undertaking because one might unintentionally forget people who have offered important assistance. Chair Steve Turner, members, and staff of the Department of Agricultural Economics at Mississippi State University have been most generous, offering office space, supplies, and Internet ac-...

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1. Deracializing or Racializing Campaigns

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pp. 1-10

From many angles and perspectives, race as a factor in American life has received considerable attention. Some assessments emphasize its persistence and others emphasize a gradual demise. In determining the role of race in elective politics, revisionists assert that a path to electoral victories opened for African American office seekers in the late 1980s when victories had become possible ...

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2. The DuBois-Washington Debates in Congressional Politics since 1928

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pp. 11-42

W. E. B. DuBois reacted harshly to Booker T. Washington’s compromising advice to African Americans at the 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition. Accepting inequality from whites was not something DuBois was willing to accept. Decades later, a national and a congressional debate continues about which course—one of accommodation or one of direct confrontation toward America’s ...

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3. Retaining White Power with Black Mayors

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pp. 43-108

In several municipal elections between the late 1960s and the end of the century, African American mayoral candidates won three different types of con-tests. First successes came in Northern minority-majority cities such as Newark, Gary, Detroit, and East St. Louis. Several African American mayoral candidates followed the wins gained in these urban centers by succeeding in southern mu-...

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4. Defying All Odds: African Americans Winning Statewide Elections

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pp. 109-150

Whenever African Americans have embarked upon efforts to win elections for state offices, the act of being the first to do so would immediately become important. In every case, their resumes came with figurative asterisks to indicate their roles as the pioneering members of their race either to seek a particular position or to receive a party’s nomination to run for one. Whether by their ...

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5. The Political Pinnacle: Barack Obama’s Presidential Victory

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pp. 151-198

The culmination of African American candidates’ seeking offices where dependence upon white votes was necessary for success came on November 4, 2008. Senator Barack Obama’s victories first in grueling primary and caucus bat-tles for the Democratic nomination and then in the presidential election have raised many questions for examination. Most important, did the victory imply a ...

Notes

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pp. 199-226

Bibliography

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pp. 227-242

Index

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pp. 243-258