Cover

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pp. C-C

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-x

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Preface

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pp. xi-xvi

This story has several beginnings. The most recent occurred in the summer of 2001. I had just completed my thirtieth year of teaching anthropology at Oberlin College, where much of what I taught was shaped by my research experiences, first in East Africa, and then from the 1980s forward, the United States, particularly in regard to immigrants and immigration. I had taken something of a break from writing and...

Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xviii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-8

This book represents a sustained effort to understand race relations over time in Hopkinsville and Christian County, Kentucky. Part contemporary ethnography and part history, it examines how black people and white people construe in very different ways their experience, both shared and separate, in the social universe of the town. There, the past weighs heavily, even amid the continuing transitions to a new ...

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1. County and Town: Race and a Usable Past

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pp. 9-32

This chapter pursues the theme of “place” taken up in the Introduction. The story of the county and the town begins with the interrelationship between slavery and tobacco, an association accounting for the area’s very large black population on the eve of the Civil War and continuing to the present. The discussion considers the characteristic features of the town, and the domination of economic and political...

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2. Slavery, the Terror of Imagination, and Exiled Freedom in Liberia

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pp. 33-72

The centerpiece of this chapter is the unpublished journal/diary of Ellen Kenton McGaughey Wallace, a slave owner who resided both in Hopkinsville and on a nearby farm. Her private reflections about local and national events between 1849 and 1865 reveal the world of the slave owning elite and the ideology of slavery and racial domination. These reflections also embody the benign paternalism and expressions ...

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3. Inscriptions of Freedom: The Making of an African American Community

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pp. 73-112

This chapter examines efforts of former slaves in the years immediately following the Civil War to construct community institutions and lives of freedom. Facing a mix of white hostility, paternalism, and indifference, black people in the town and county sought ways of establishing a sense of personal and communal agency. They proceeded fully aware that achieving any level of autonomy and self-determination...

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4. Free but Not Equal

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pp. 113-154

Institutionalized social and economic inequality for a century after emancipation betrayed the ideals of freedom and the postbellum constitutional guarantees that black people believed were theirs. Beginning in the early twentieth century, W. E. B. Du Bois articulated activist strategies challenging the status quo, but it was Booker T. Washington to whom most black people in the town and county looked ...

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5. The Enactment of Memory: Monuments, Cemeteries, Reunions

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pp. 155-188

The examination of slavery and its aftermath taken up in previous chapters is essential to an understanding of race and power in western Kentucky, for in slavery we find the historical roots of persistent racial attitudes and behaviors. That the United States continues to grapple with the problem of black-white relations one hundred and fifty years after emancipation underscores the fact that race and...

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6. Civil Rights and Beyond

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pp. 189-212

The civil rights era created the cultural conditions under which memories divided by race would inevitably collide. As long as those memories had been located in distinct social domains, public conflict over the vernacular meanings of the past, and therefore the present, were largely avoided. Each historic memory simply reiterated the outlook of a distinctive community, secure in its unchallenged values...

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Epilogue

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pp. 213-214

The rolling plains along the Newstead Road west of Hopkinsville even now demand little of the observer trying to imagine the physical world inhabited by Ellen McGaughey Wallace and others of the slave owning and enslaved populations of 1860. Not pristine of course, the barrens, as the plains were originally called, still remain relatively undeveloped. Although most of the antebellum country homes ...

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Images

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pp. Image 1-Image 8

...riverside cemetery, Hopkinsville, confederate Markers at camp alcorn, erected 2001.riverside cemetery, grave of Patsy Brent (1841–1921), the only black woman buried at riverside owing to the influence of her wealthy and influential employers.Walnut Street café, Hopkinsville, 2004, emma Jordan (right), proprietress, with her sister, Thelma Paulette robinson (sister of emma and Thelma) and grandchildren at the Walnut Street café, 2004, ...

Notes

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pp. 215-250

Bibliography

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pp. 251-264

Index

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pp. 265-278