Front Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. c-ii

TItle Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. iii-iii

Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. iv-iv

Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. v-vi

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-vii

List of Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. viii-viii

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-15

Black Ohioans traveled to Dayton on September 22, 1873, to commemorate Emancipation Day—the day President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. The celebration began on the railcars carrying African Americans into the city. People dressed in their Sunday best ...

read more

Chapter 1. Launching a Life

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 16-41

A few months after Peter Humphries Clark’s birth on March 29, 1829, racial violence erupted in Cincinnati, Ohio. On several muggy nights between August 15 and 22, mobs of two hundred to three hundred men attacked the African American neighborhood near Columbia and Western...

read more

Chapter 2. Voice of Emigration

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 42-60

In Columbus on January 11, 1849, the Convention of the Colored Citizens of Ohio debated the advantages of leaving the United States through a colonization scheme to Liberia, when twenty-year-old John Mercer Langston took the floor. Taking exception to a proposed resolution that opposed...

read more

Chapter 3. Voice of Purpose

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 61-86

The most enduring legacy of Ohio’s private schools is that they succeeded in educating and grooming a generation of leaders, teachers, and activists, including Peter H. Clark. By the early 1840s, a core group of African American men and women had been educated in these private schools ...

read more

Chapter 4. "The Silver Tongued Orator of the West"

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 87-106

On May 28, 1856, Frederick Douglass did the honors of introducing Clark as a speaker at the Radical Abolition Party’s nominating convention in Syracuse, New York; it was only the second national meeting of the new party. Clark’s relatively short speech on the first day of the convention ...

read more

Chapter 5. Voice of Equality

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 107-129

On the evening of April 11, 1870, Cincinnati’s African American community convened at Zion Baptist Church to discuss the upcoming local election the following Monday. The Fifteenth Amendment, which granted suffrage to African American men, had been ratified on February 3 of that ...

read more

Chapter 6. Radical Voice

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 130-155

One evening in late November 1875, Peter Clark rose to deliver an address before the Sovereigns of Industry. Although cooperation was the main topic of his address, the better part of it focused on denouncing the middlemen— merchants, grocers, and bankers—who “derived not only livelihood,...

read more

Chapter 7. Voice of Dissent

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 154-170

No sooner than announcing his resignation from the Socialistic Labor Party (SLP) in July 1879, Clark immediately revived his membership in the Republican Party. He earned a place within the party’s local leadership in short order—proof that he had lost very little political ground among Republicans...

read more

Chapter 8. Voice of Betrayal

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 171-195

On the eve of the 1884 presidential election, a “mob” led by Mike Mullen, a Cincinnati police lieutenant, raided the home of John Venable, a black boarding home operator who also happened to be president of the Colored Blaine and Logan Club—a political club dedicated to securing the election victory...

read more

Chapter 9. A Still Voice

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 196-224

On March 10, 1886, Reverend Benjamin W. Arnett, of Greene County, and Jere A. Brown, of Cuyahoga County, delivered speeches before Ohio’s House of Representatives praying for the passage of his bill to repeal the state’s odious Black Laws. These laws, which mandated separate schools ...

read more

Chapter 10. "A Painted Lie"

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 225-233

In early 1885, Peter Humphries Clark relayed his life story to Timothy Thomas Fortune, editor of the African American journal the New York Freeman. Fortune devoted two-thirds of the front page of his January 3 issue to Clark’s biography, signifying Fortune’s respect for his friend and...

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 234-237

The late Walter P. Herz, a lay historian living in Cincinnati, resurrected Pe-ter H. Clark. A member of Clark’s Unitarian church, Walter was complete-ly fascinated by the life Clark led, so he decided to tell the world about him. After retiring from another career, Walter spent more than ten years familiarizing himself with the literature, methods, and the discipline of ...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 238-290

Selected Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 291-295

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 296-308