Cover

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pp. c-ii

Title Page

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pp. iii-iii

Copyright Page

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pp. iv-iv

Dedication

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pp. v-vi

Table of Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Wars of the Northeastern Borderlands, 1636-1763

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pp. ix-x

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Introduction: Onward Christian Soldiers, 1678

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pp. 1-11

In 1678 Samuel Nowell preached an artillery election sermon he called Abraham in Arms, in which he urged New England men to remember that "Hence it is no wayes unbecoming a Christian to learn to be a Souldier, not only a Spiritual Souldier but in the true proper sence of the letter." His warning was timely, and prescient: Nowell preached in the wake of King Philip's War (also known as Metacom's Rebellion), a united Indian uprising ...

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1: "You dare not fight, you are all one like women": The Contest of Masculinities in the Seventeenth Century

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pp. 12-55

Most recent scholars of the Pequot War (1636-37) agree that it was a thinly disguised war of conquest. The Pequots were convenient targets, as they had allied with early Dutch settlements in an attempt to dominate Euro-Indian trade in the region, and therefore over the course of the previous several years the Pequots had alienated their Indian neighbors....

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2: "What are you an Indian or an Englishman?" Cultural Cross-Dressing in the Northeastern Borderlands

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pp. 56-90

Warfare on the colonial northeastern frontier was a Hobbesian test of survival: it was nasty, brutish, and often mercifully short. It was also complicated and almost hopelessly confusing: in every war, some Indians fought on the side of the English, although the same allies could be enemies in the next war, and by the 168os, the English waged wars out of rivalry with the French as well as out of a lust for Indian lands. Each side fought in a ...

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3: "Insolent" Squaws and "Unreasonable" Masters: Indian Captivity and Family Life

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pp. 91-126

For English families, being taken captive by Indians in frontier warfare was objectively a terrifying experience: their homes invaded by strange enemies, they usually witnessed the killing of some of the adult men, and then the horrifyingly brutal murder of a toddler or two. Wives and mothers, suckling infants, and children who were old enough to keep ...

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4: "A Jesuit will ruin you Body & Soul!'' Daughters of New England in Canada

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pp. 127-165

In the 1690s in the midst of the first war with New France, English depictions of frontier warfare and captivity shifted dramatically from identifying Indians as the primary danger to New England to portraying the French and their Catholicism as the chief threat to the New England way. While Indians were still formidable opponents in the battle, in New England ...

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5: "Who will be Masters of America The French or the English?" Manhood and Imperial Warfare in the Eighteenth Century

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pp. 166-204

As we have seen, English and Indian men saw war and politics as important fields for proving manhood and establishing mastery over the enemy. Similarly, when the imperial struggle between Britain and France moved to the center of wars in the northeastern borderlands, English and French men experienced their struggle in part as a contest of masculinities. ...

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Epilogue: On the Plains of Abraham

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pp. 205-208

The Plains of Abraham, site of the Battle of Quebec just outside the old city walls, today is called le Pare des Champs-de-Battaille (Battle fields Park), and the grounds are now the province of morning joggers, tour buses, and families on outings. Historians of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have used General James Wolfe's daring surprise attack on Que ...

Notes

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pp. 209-252

Index

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pp. 253-258

Acknowledgments

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pp. 259-263