In this Book

French and Indians in the Heart of North America, 1630-1815
summary
In the past thirty years, the study of French-Indian relations in the center of North America has emerged as an important field for examining the complex relationships that defined a vast geographical area, including the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, the Missouri River Valley, and Upper and Lower Louisiana. For years, no one better represented this emerging area of study than Jacqueline Peterson and Richard White, scholars who identified a world defined by miscegenation between French colonists and the native population, or métissage, and the unique process of cultural accommodation that led to a “middle ground” between French and Algonquians. Building on the research of Peterson, White, and Jay Gitlin, this collection of essays brings together new and established scholars from the United States, Canada, and France, to move beyond the paradigms of the middle ground and métissage. At the same time it seeks to demonstrate the rich variety of encounters that defined French and Indians in the heart of North America from 1630 to 1815. Capturing the complexity and nuance of these relations, the authors examine a number of thematic areas that provide a broader assessment of the historical bridge-building process, including ritual interactions, transatlantic connections, diplomatic relations, and post-New France French-Indian relations.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-1
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  1. Untitled
  2. pp. 2-5
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. 6-7
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-vii
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  1. Introduction by Robert Englebert and Guillaume Teasdale
  2. pp. xi-xxxiii
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  1. “Faire la chaudière”: The Wendat Feast of Souls, 1636
  2. pp. 36-20
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  1. Natives, Newcomers, and Nicotiana: Tobacco in the History of the Great Lakes Region
  2. pp. 21-41
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  1. The Terms of Encounter: Language and Contested Visions of French Colonization in the Illinois Country, 1673–1702
  2. pp. 43-75
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  1. “Protection” and “Unequal Alliance”: The French Conception of Sovereignty over Indians in New France
  2. pp. 113-137
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  1. The French and the Natchez: A Failed Encounter
  2. pp. 139-158
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  1. From Subjects to Citizens: Two Pierres and the French Influence on the Transformation of the Illinois Country
  2. pp. 159-181
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  1. Blue Beads, Vermilion, and Scalpers: The Social Economy of the 1810–1812 Astorian Overland Expedition’s French Canadian Voyageurs
  2. pp. 182-216
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 217-219
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