Common Law for Europe
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: Central European University Press
Title Page, Copyright
Table of Contents
The Europeanization of private law, a process which has been taking place for a decade or more, is a phenomenon that everyone is watching.The new phases of European integration, which began with the accession negotiations for the entry of the Central and Eastern European countries, along with Cyprus, Malta, and Turkey, coincide with the...
1. Private Law of the European Community: The Process of Harmonization, Uniformization and Unification
This book is the observation of a process, which has been happening for
several years in Europe.
This process consists of a slow but continuing affirmation of common legal rules, principles, and judicial solutions for the legal systems which already form part of the European institutions—the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC),1 the European Economic Community (EEC), and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)2— and for those which are and which will become part of the European...
2. The Diffusion of Legal Rules and Modelsand the Transposition of Concepts
More than once in the following pages we will be discussing diffusion
(also referred to as ‘circulation’ or ‘transplant’) of legal models and
rules which occurs within the EC countries or from the Community to
the new Members and candidate countries which will join the EU in the
The expression usually designates the phenomenon by which a collection of technical rules, of general principles and of judicial solutions...
3. Harmonization as an Instrument for the ‘Reinforced Pre-Accession Strategy’
The abandonment of communism, following the historic events of 1989– 1991, has encouraged the development of a new form of harmonization and uniformization, which involves the Central and Eastern European Countries (hereinafter referred to as CEECs)1 in view of their accession to the EU. What is more, it has accelerated the decisive transformation of Europe into a Union, which is no longer exclusively economic...
4. Institutions and Sources of Community Law
Every legal system evolves continuously. Sometimes the change in the
law occurs with full awareness, it is explicit, expressed and noted by
everybody. It does not, however, always happen like that.
Sometimes, the change brought about by a new statute, or by a legal principle being overruled, happens without any clamour, almost unnoticed. This occurs when the change is not so socially relevant as to justify more attention, because it does not answer to the social needs of the citizens. However, in some cases, the apparent lack of public interest is...
5. The Adaptation of National Laws to Community Law
Community law now constitutes an integral part of domestic law within the Member States. However, the two principle embodiments of Community law generate different situations which cannot be overlooked: whereas the Treaty provisions and the Regulations have immediate direct effect on coming into force, the Directives, on the other hand, must be implemented by the national legislature before becoming directly effective, in order to satisfy the requirements of the founding Treaty. In fact...
6. A Common Law for Europe?
The multi-level process taking place (of harmonization, uniformization
and unification) is leading the legal systems of new and old Member
States and further applicant countries such as Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia,
or Turkey, towards an ever increasing homogenization of rules and institutions.
Legal scholars throughout Europe are referring to an imminent process of Europeanization (or re-Europeanization) of the law.1...
List of Abbreviations
List of Tables
Page Count: 330
Publication Year: 2005
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