Nightshades to Mistletoe
Publication Year: 1990
Published by: Southern Illinois University Press
Series: Illustrated Flora of Illinois
This is the sixth volume in The Illustrated Flora of Illinois series devoted to dicotyledons, or dicot plants. Five volumes of monocotyledonous plants, or monocots, have been published previously, as well as single volumes on ferns and diatoms. The concept of The Illustrated Flora of Illinois is to produce a multivolumed...
Plants that produce flowers are divided into two groups, the dicotyledons and the monocotyledons. Dicotyledons, or dicots, form two "seed leaves," or cotyledons, when the seed germinates. Monocotyledons, or monocots, form only a single "seed leaf." In the world, as in Illinois, dicots...
Descriptions and Illustrations
Solanaceae -- Nightshade Family
Herbs or less frequently somewhat woody, rarely climbing; leaves usually alternate, simple or compound; inflorescence various; flowers perfect, actinomorphic; sepals 5, united, often persistent on the fruit; petals 5, united into a rotate, campanulate, or funnelform corolla; stamens usually...
Convolvulacea -- Morning-Glory Family
Herbs, shrubs, or trees, sometimes twining, sometimes with latex; leaves alternate, simple, without stipules; inflorescence cymose, or the flower solitary; flowers perfect, actinomorphic, bracteate; sepals 5, usually free; corolla mostly tubular, 5-lobed or entire; stamens 5, free, attached...
Cuscutaceae -- Dodder Family
Twining, annual parasitic herbs, without chlorophyll, attached to hosts by means of haustoria; stems threadlike, orange or yellow; leaves scalelike, much reduced, without chlorophyll; flowers in cymes, sometimes densely crowded and resembling a head or spike, perfect, actinomorphic...
Polemoniaceae -- Phlox Family
Annual or perennial herbs, rarely shrubs or small trees; leaves alternate or opposite, simple or compound, without stipules; inflorescence mostly cymose; flowers perfect, actinomorphic; calyx 5-lobed; corolla 5-parted; stamens 5, attached to the corolla tube; disk usually present...
Campanulaceae -- Bellflower Family
Annual or perennial herbs (in Illinois), rarely woody; latex sometimes present; leaves alternate, simple, without stipules; flowers perfect, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, borne in cymes, racemes, or panicles, or solitary; calyx s-lobed; corolla campanulate or rotate or tubular, sometimes split down...
Celastraceae -- Bittersweet Family
Woody shrubs, vines, or creepers; leaves alternate or opposite, simple, pinnately veined; flowers in axillary clusters or in terminal inflorescences or solitary, perfect or unisexual, actinomorphic; calyx 4- to 5-parted, very small; petals 4 or 5; free; stamens 4-5, attached to a disk; ovary...
Santalaceae -- Sandalwood Family
Herbs (in Illinois), shrubs, or trees, often root parasites; leaves simple, alternate or opposite; flowers actinomorphic, perfect or unisexual, borne in axillary or terminal inflorescences or solitary; calyx 4- or 5-parted, united; petals absent; disk present; stamens 4 or 5, usually...
Viscaceae -- Mistletoe Family
Green parasitic herbs or shrubs, parasitizing the aerial portions of a wide variety of woody hosts; leaves simple, opposite; flowers actinomorphic, perfect or unisexual, borne in various kinds of inflorescences; calyx 2- to 5-parted, usually united below; petals absent...
Datura metel L. This species does not occur in Illinois, although the binomial was used by a few earlier Illinois botanists for D. in Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth, attributed to Illinois by several early bot anists, is a species that lives south of Illinois. These early workers Physalis lanceifolia Nees. Rydberg (1896) used this binomial for ...
Summary of the Taxa Treated in This Volume
Index of Plant Names