Lilies to Orchids
Publication Year: 1970
Published by: Southern Illinois University Press
Series: Illustrated Flora of Illinois
After having worked with various aspects of the Illinois Flora for over a decade, I came to the realization that not a great amount of information was known about all the Illinois Flora, and that which was known was of a nature which was virtually useless to the average person wanting to know about the plants...
County Map of Illinois
This is the second of many volumes devoted to the flowering plants of Illinois. The first six of these will be concerned with that group of flowering plants referred to by botanists as monocotyledons, or monocots. Technically, these are plants which produce, on the germination of the seed, a single "seed-leaf," or cotyledon...
Key to Families of Monocotyledons in Illinois
Descriptions and Illustrations
Liliaceæ -- Lily Family
Erect perennial herbs, occasionally becoming subligneous, from bulbs, rhizomes, corms, tubers, or thick fibrous roots; inflorescence various; flowers radially symmetrical, perfect (unisexual in a few genera), perianth parts ( 4) 6, free or united at base or into a tube, generally uniform...
Smilacaceæ -- Catbrier Family
Twining or erect shrubs or herbs; leaves alternate (in Illinois) or opposite, simple, reticulate-veined; inflorescence often umbelliform; flowers unisexual and dioecious (in Illinois) or bisexual; perianth segments 6, uniform; stamens 6; ovary superior; fruit a...
Dioscoreaceæ -- Wild Yam Family
Twining herbaceous vines from rhizomes and tubers; leaves alternate or whorled, net-veined; plants dioecious; inflorescence axillary, the staminate glomerulate or solitary in panicles, the pistillate solitary in interrupted spikes; flowers unisexual, regular; perianth parts...
Iridaceæ -- Iris Family
Perennial herbs with rhizomes or fibrous roots; flowers regular, perfect; perianth parts 6, united at least below, generally uniform in color; stamens 3; ovary inferior; fruit a capsule, 3-celled, loculicidal. The Iridaceae differs from the showy-flowered Liliaceae in the reduction...
Burmanniaceæ -- Burmannia Family
Green or non-green, mostly tropical herbs; perianth parts 6, united; stamens 3 or 6; carpels 3, united, inferior. Only the following genus occurs in...
Orchidadeæ -- Orchid Family
Flowers perfect, irregular, greatly modified; perianth parts ( 5-) 6, in 2 series; stamens 1 or 2, united with the style to form a central column; ovary 1, inferior, 1-celled; seeds minute. This family is considered by some to be the largest in the world with over 20,000 species thus far...