The Great Orchestrator
Arthur Judson and American Arts Management
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Series: Music in American Life
Many individuals and organizations helped bring this book to light. I am indebted to the New York Philharmonic, the Philadelphia Orchestra Association, and Denison University for access to materials. I especially thank the . . .
Introduction: Confronting the Silent Giant
In a special Sunday feature that coincided with the Philharmonic’s final concert of the season, he unleashed a blistering eight-column critique entitled “The Philharmonic—What’s Wrong with It and Why.” Taubman’s assessment . . .
Part I: Discovering the Audience 1900–1921
1 The Young Educator
Little is known about Arthur Judson’s earliest years. He was born in Dayton, Ohio, on February 22, 1881, the second of Francis and Mary (née Myers) Judson’s two sons. His mother was a native Ohioan, . . .
2 The Lessons of Musical America
In 1907, New York was arguably America’s most vibrant city. Fueled by massive immigration and robust economic growth during the nineteenth century, it was the world’s second largest metropolitan center. . . .
3 Fertile Ground in Philadelphia, 1915–1921
Judson arrived in Philadelphia in July 1915 and immediately immersed himself in the orchestra’s ongoing projects. His principal partner in these endeavors was Stokowski, and the two men . . .
Part II: Cooperation and Cultivation 1921–1942
4 New Alliances, New Media, New York
In less than five years, Judson had transformed his professional life. No longer a musical jack-of-all-trades, he was now a professional music manager, solidly established in the Philadelphia community. His success . . .
5 Managing a Renewal, 1922–1930
When Judson became manager of the New York Philharmonic in 1922, he joined an orchestra struggling to find its way—a sharp contrast to the Philadelphia Orchestra, which was on . . .
6 The List, the Old Man, and the English Replacement
For Judson, the Toscanini years began with great optimism. Not only had the Philharmonic hired one of the world’s most revered conductors, it had done so at a time when its finances were in good . . .
7 Competition and Indecision
Barbirolli’s concerts went well in the fall of 1936, and the conductor returned to England in mid-January 1937 to a hero’s welcome. But within days, the situation in New York changed dramatically. The . . .
Part III: The Empire of Diminishing Returns 1942–1956
8 The War Years and a Shift to a New Era
In the 1940s, Judson’s management empire began to plateau. The Depression had rattled music’s funding structures. Technology had spawned greater competition for live musical experiences. Jazz had supplanted . . .
9 Troubled Waters
Rodzinski had presented a real dilemma for the Philharmonic. On the one hand, he had been the source of nearly continuous internal tension. Yet during his tenure, the critical perception . . .
Conclusion: Lessons From AJ
Judson was a towering figure in American concert music in the twentieth century. He managed the leading orchestras and artists of his time, built the most successful music management company . . .
Epilogue: The Final Years
Judson’s power waned after his resignation from the New York Philharmonic, but he was not ready to retire in 1956. He continued to work in music management for another twelve years, postponing . . .
Appendix: Leaders of the New York Philharmonic Board of Directors, 1921–1963