Global Governance of Hazardous Chemicals
Challenges of Multilevel Management
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: The MIT Press
Title Page, Copyright
This book is the result of a long-standing professional and personal interest in sustainable development. It brings together in a single volume much of my research on global governance, institutions, and chemicals politics and policy making that I have been engaged in since...
List of Acronyms
1 Global Governance and the Chemicals Regime
Hazardous chemicals pose significant environmental and human health risks. A few examples demonstrate the seriousness of the situation. The average nine-year-old male beluga whale in the St. Lawrence estuary has high enough concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) to be...
2 Institutional Analysis and the Chemicals Regime
Scholars have long studied how states, working with IGOs and NGOs, create, uphold, and expand joint structures addressing environmental issues (Krasner1983; Haas, Keohane, and Levy 1993; Levy, Young, and Zürn 1995; Victor, Raustiala, and Skolnikoff 1998; Breitmeier, Young,...
3 Global Chemicals Use and Management in a Historical Perspective
In an analysis of the development of the chemicals regime, the connection between the advancement of scientific understanding, the emergence of public apprehension, and the formulation of policy responses needs to be considered from a historical perspective. This chapter begins with an...
4 The Basel Convention and Hazardous Waste Management
This chapter analyzes chemicals policy and management issues related to hazardous wastes. Hazardous chemicals are released into the environment when hazardous wastes are inappropriately stored, transported, recycled, or destroyed. The hazardous waste issue has been on the international...
5 The Rotterdam Convention and the Trade in Hazardous Chemicals
This chapter analyzes policy and management issues associated with the international trade in chemicals. In particular, developing countries find it difficult to ensure safe handling and disposal of hazardous chemicals, many of which are imported. For example, a recent inspection in parts of...
6 The CLRTAP POPs Protocol and Regional Standards
This chapter examines regional efforts in the northern hemisphere to regulate POPs. In the early 2000s, an Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme AMAP assessment report (2004) concluded that many Arctic species at the top of complex food webs carry high levels of a multitude of...
7 The Stockholm Convention and Global POPs Controls
This chapter analyzes global policy and management efforts on POPs. The significant PCB problem in Tanzania noted in the chapter 1 is not unique, but countries worldwide are struggling to manage PCBs as well as other POPs. In Nepal, for example, tens of thousands of workers in...
8 Multilevel Governance and Chemicals Management: Past, Present, and Future
Improving the management of hazardous chemicals is an important sustainable development issue. Although some progress toward chemicals safety can be noted, many chemicals continue to pose unacceptable environmental and human health risks. This chapter analyzes multilevel governance...