Child Care in Black and White
Working Parents and the History of Orphanages
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
List of Illustrations
In producing this study, I have accumulated many debts of gratitude and been reminded many times that writing history is a collaborative activity, no matter how many hours...
Introduction: Constructing Orphans
The idea for this book began with these words, written by my grandmother about her own mother’s childhood in an orphanage. In thinking about her experience one day, it occurred...
Chapter 1. Institutionalizing Orphans: The Founding and Managing Women
Nearly every historical account of the founding of the United Presbyterian Orphans Home begins by paying homage to Rev. James Fulton, the young pastor of the Fourth United Presbyterian...
Chapter 2. Raising Orphans: The Child Care Dilemma of Families in Crisis
Born in Ireland in 1836, the ill-fated Isabella Nelson was living in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, with her mother and sister when she met her future husband, James Longmore...
Chapter 3. Boarding Orphans: Working Parents' Use of Orphanages as Child Care
In their fiftieth anniversary report, the United Presbyterian Orphan’s Home proudly reflected on the thousands of children they had helped and pictured them stretching back in time...
Chapter 4. Fathering Orphans: Gender and Institutional Child Care
In 1880, at the age of twenty-three, James Caldwell and his new bride, twenty-year-old Jessie, set sail from Scotland. James had a career as a police officer but had already made...
Chapter 5. Reforming Orphans: Progressive Reformers and Staff in the Development of Child Care Organ
On the occasion of its fiftieth anniversary, the Home for Colored Children (HCC) recorded this version of its founding story, tracing the genesis of the institution to a state law...
Chapter 6. Segregating Orphans: The Home for Colored Children
In 1916 the Pittsburg Dispatch published this account of the founding of the Home for Colored Children, capturing nearly all the details of what would become the institution’s modern origins story: a rainy day, a lost little girl, Reverend Fulton...
Conclusion: Contesting Orphans
The story of my great-great grandfather, the widower James Caldwell, sparked my interest in the topic of orphanages. But when this project began, I was under the impression,...
Appendix A: Data Sets and Statistical Methodology
Appendix B: Biographical Comparison of HCC and UPOH Founding Managers
Appendix C: Birthplace of HCC Parents
About the Author, Further Reading, Production Notes, Back Cover