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Reducing Gun Violence in America
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Amid a growing consensus that the staggering toll of gun violence in the United States is an urgent public health issue, the Johns Hopkins University’s Bloomberg School of Public Health has convened experts on gun policy and violence from the United States and selected other countries to summarize relevant research and its implications for policymakers and concerned citizens. Legal scholars weigh in on the constitutionality of recommended policies, and researchers present new data on public support for a wide array of policies designed to reduce gun violence. Collected for the first time in one volume, this reliable, empirical research and legal analysis will inform the policy debate by helping lawmakers and opinion leaders identify the policy changes that are most likely to reduce gun violence in the United States. Researchers draw on new and existing studies on U.S. gun policies to demonstrate both the weaknesses of current federal gun policies and the efficacy of various state laws designed to reduce firearm availability to high-risk groups. By analyzing scientific and legal data, the contributors provide evidence in support of enhanced regulation and oversight of licensed gun dealers, background checks for private sales, and purchaser licensing. Lessons from bans of assault weapons and of large-capacity magazines for guns are considered, as is the promise of “smart guns,” which could be fired only by authorized users. Compelling case studies from Australia, Scotland, and Brazil demonstrate effective policy responses to gun violence that have led to significant reductions in gun-related deaths. The book concludes with data on public support for strengthening gun laws and Second Amendment considerations.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-ix
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. xi-xvii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xix-xx
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xxi-xxiii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. xxv-xxviii
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  1. Part I: Gun Policy Lessons from the United States: Keeping Guns from High-Risk Individuals
  2. pp. 1-140
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  1. 1. Firearms and Violent Death in the United States
  2. pp. 3-20
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  1. 2. The Limited Impact of the Brady Act: Evaluation and Implications
  2. pp. 21-32
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  1. 3. Preventing Gun Violence Involving People with Serious Mental Illness
  2. pp. 33-51
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  1. 4. Evidence for Optimism: Policies to Limit Batterers' Access to Guns
  2. pp. 53-63
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  1. 5. Reconsidering the Adequacy of Current Conditions on Legal Firearm Ownership
  2. pp. 65-76
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  1. 6. Broadening Denial Criteria for the Purchase and Possession of Firearms: Need, Feasibility, and Effectiveness
  2. pp. 77-93
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  1. 7. Comprehensive Background Checks for Firearm Sales: Evidence from Gun Shows
  2. pp. 95-107
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  1. 8. Preventing the Diversion of Guns to Criminals through Effective Firearm Sales Laws
  2. pp. 109-121
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  1. 9. Spurring Responsible Firearms Sales Practices through Litigation: The Impact of New York City's Lawsuits against Gun Dealers on Interstate Gun Trafficking
  2. pp. 123-131
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  1. 10. Curtailing Dangerous Sales Practices by Licensed Firearm Dealers: Legal Opportunities and Obstacles
  2. pp. 133-140
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  1. Part II: Making Gun Laws Enforceable
  2. pp. 141-154
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  1. 11. Enforcing Federal Laws against Firearms Traffickers: Raising Operational Effectiveness by Lowering Enforcement Obstacles
  2. pp. 143-154
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  1. Part III: Gun Policy Lessons from the United States: High-Risk Guns
  2. pp. 155-182
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  1. 12. America’s Experience with the Federal Assault Weapons Ban, 1994–2004: Key Findings and Implications
  2. pp. 157-171
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  1. 13. Personalized Guns: Using Technology to Save Lives
  2. pp. 173-182
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  1. Part IV: International Case Studies of Responses to Gun Violence
  2. pp. 183-222
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  1. 14. Gun Control in Great Britain after the Dunblane Shootings
  2. pp. 185-193
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  1. 15. Rational Firearm Regulation: Evidence-based Gun Laws in Australia
  2. pp. 195-204
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  1. 16. The Big Melt: How One Democracy Changed after Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms
  2. pp. 205-211
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  1. 17. Brazil: Gun Control and Homicide Reduction
  2. pp. 213-222
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  1. Part V: Second Amendment
  2. pp. 223-236
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  1. 18. The Scope of Regulatory Authority under the Second Amendment
  2. pp. 225-236
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  1. Part VI: Public Opinion on Gun Policy
  2. pp. 237-262
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  1. 19. Public Opinion on Proposals to Strengthen U.S. Gun Laws: Findings from a 2013 Survey
  2. pp. 239-257
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  1. Consensus Recommendations for Reforms to Federal Gun Policies
  2. pp. 259-262
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  1. Biographies of Contributors
  2. pp. 263-273
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 275-282
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